According to https://www.folklore.org/StoryView.py?project=Macintosh&story=Joining_Apple_Computer
The Apple II displayed white text on a black background. I argued that to do graphics properly we had to switch to a white background like paper. It works fine to invert text when printing, but it would not work for a photo to be printed in negative. The Lisa hardware team complained the screen would flicker too much, and they would need faster refresh with more expensive RAM to prevent smearing when scrolling. Steve listened to all the pros and cons then sided with a white background for the sake of graphics.
What exactly was the refresh rate of the Lisa and Macintosh? Was it faster than the usual 60 Hz?