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Questions tagged [amiga]

For questions related to the Commodore Amiga family of personal computers.

9
votes
3answers
2k views

What happened to ZIP RAM?

I have several retro machines and add-on cards for the Amiga that use ZIP RAM. This vertically mounted chip design enjoyed a brief popularity in the early 1990s, in between the original DIP DRAM and ...
43
votes
9answers
7k views

Why was preemptive multitasking so slow in coming to consumer OS's?

Preemptive (rather than cooperative) multitasking was a highly-touted feature for PC's in 1996, with its inclusion in Windows 95 for the first time. It was also highly-touted for 2001 Macs when ...
16
votes
1answer
669 views

What size screws were used in the Amiga desktop cases?

On the Amiga 500, 500+, 600, and 1200, what size screws were used to hold the chassis together? Is it the same size screw for all, different screws per machine, different screws front and rear, or ...
5
votes
0answers
121 views

Amiga 500+ rev8A, 1 MB chip RAM and 0.5 MB slow RAM

I have an 500+ rev8A, I added the missing 0.5 MB RAM and the U32 to the motherboard. I also have 512 KB in the trapdoor. This results in 1.5 MB chip RAM; but I want to have 1 MB chip RAM and 0.5 MB ...
12
votes
3answers
921 views

Is it possible to expand Amiga 500 rev 8 to 1.5 MB with a 1MB trapdoor expansion?

Is it possible to expand an Amiga 500 rev 8 (not an Amiga 500 plus) to 1.5 MB of Chip RAM using an A501+ expansion? It is plug and play or are modifications required? The board is this http://www....
7
votes
1answer
763 views

Black Amiga 500 Keys

I am creating a black Amiga 500 casing for my retro pi unit. I have already bought the casing, a 1200 keyboard and keyrah unit to convert the keyboard to USB. I have some vinyl dye paint for the ...
19
votes
3answers
3k views

Why were 3D games on the Amiga not faster than on similar 16 bit systems like the Atari ST

It seems that 3D games, especially simulations like Falcon, were not faster (fps) on the Amiga than on the Atari ST - even a bit slower due to the CPU clock. I was wondering why this is the case, ...
14
votes
2answers
583 views

What information is encoded in the 22-digit barcodes on the Amiga's case?

What information is encoded in Amiga's 22-digit barcodes? For example: 0103791363642010121234
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Is the metal shielding required in all-in-one Amiga models?

All-in-one Amiga computers (500, 600, 1200) have metal shielding surrounding the mainboard. It is in two parts, one below the mainboard and one on top. The mainboard is physically linked to the lower ...
12
votes
1answer
460 views

What is the relationship between Amiga audio and the MOD music file format?

What is the the MOD music file format? Exactly how does it relate to the Amiga 1000 audio hardware? Did the MOD format become popular on non-Amiga computers? If so, why?
44
votes
6answers
3k views

Are there any modern compilers that can generate Amiga/m68k executables?

I would quite like to resurrect my openkick project. As I note on that project's README.md, it is stalled because GNU GCC is not fit for purpose. Sadly, there do not seem to be any other modern ...
21
votes
5answers
1k views

Why is the Amiga ROM at a high memory location, and RAM in low memory?

When a 68000 CPU powers up, it reads a few words at memory location zero to get the initial stack pointer and program counter. That suggests to me that a computer system designer would put the system ...
18
votes
7answers
2k views

Was Amiga the last of the home retrocomputers sold?

The Commodore-Amiga was offered for sale to home users from 1985 (original A1000 in North America) until 1996, when Escom stopped selling the A1200. By 1996, Apple was selling PowerPC-based Macs for ...
3
votes
2answers
328 views

How were individual bit planes scrolled on the Amiga (OCS)?

Back in my early Amiga days (A500), I remember coding simple demos that would use the dual-playfield mode and scroll them around (at a sweet 60FPS). It was pretty trivial to do with languages like ...
1
vote
2answers
300 views

Commodore Amiga 600 Software Failure. “Error: 8000 0004 Task: 000026D0”

Software Failure on Commodore Amiga 600 when I insert a floppy in drive. Software Failure. Press left mouse button to continue. Error: 8000 0004 Task: 000026D0 Independent from the floppy I ...
7
votes
2answers
624 views

Were external floppy drives for Atari ST and Amiga inter-compatible?

Were external floppy drives for Atari ST and Amiga inter-compatible? For example, Commodore 1541* had its own serial bus protocol. But what about the external 3.5" DD floppy disk drive on 23pins D-...
6
votes
1answer
183 views

What did Commodore's AppShell and AppObject do?

Among the many developed but never released software that Commodore developed for the Amiga there should be two applications, called AppShell and AppObject. What were these? Did anyone ever saw or ...
14
votes
1answer
237 views

Seeking details relating to Amiga 3000 serial numbers

I am the original owner of my Amiga 3000. As I remember it, I purchased the machine fairly early after release. I'm cleaning and detailing the machine, and I took a quick picture of the serial ...
20
votes
1answer
722 views

Why are there two, different, Kickstart 1.3 ROMs with the same 34.5 version number?

The Kickstart 1.3 ROM file that is supplied with Cloanto's Amiga Forever (amiga-os-130.rom) is very slightly different to that which you'd get by dumping a real 1.3 ROM from an Amiga 500. ...
15
votes
1answer
265 views

How to create a switchless multi-system 2 button Atari joystick?

All systems that use the Atari 9 pin joystick standard make use of the following pins in consistent ways, with each direction and the fire button being connected to the ground pin when pushed. 1 - up ...
13
votes
1answer
300 views

How do Amiga “Monitor” drivers work?

A "Monitor" driver for an Amiga is a file which, when placed in DEVS:Monitors, enables additional screenmodes. The standard PAL or NTSC driver, which provides screenmodes compatible with consumer TV ...
12
votes
1answer
392 views

Where are the blueprints of MOS chips?

Atari historians have been able to find documents and tapes of chips and hardware developed at Atari. E.g. http://atariage.com/forums/topic/154479-new-gtia-chips/ . Nothing like this is happening ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

Can't type angle bracket characters in AmigaOS 4.1 on WinUAE

Has anyone else experienced that when running AmigaOS 4.1 inside WinUAE that they can't type the < or > characters? I have a mostly bog-standard American QWERTY keyboard, no special emulation ...
8
votes
1answer
387 views

Why was Windows 3.1 so dreadfully slow on an Amiga A2286 bridgeboard?

Back in the day I had an Amiga 2500/30 with an A2286 as my "swiss army knife" home computer; not only did I have the ability to run MacOS (ShapeShifter) at native speed, but the 8MHz 286 bridgeboard ...
24
votes
1answer
1k views

How do Amiga 600 CPU accelerators work?

The Amiga 1200 has a trapdoor expansion for CPU accelerators. The Amiga 500 has a side expansion port and its CPU is socketed. But Amiga 600's expansion port is only useful for memory expansion ...
5
votes
2answers
334 views

How to create fast an icon file for Amiga program in WB drawer?

I have copied one program from a floppy to a hdd drawer (I created for it) and I want to start this program directly, without going through Window -> Show -> All Files first in my Amiga ...
4
votes
3answers
684 views

Amiga memory bandwidth

Looking at a timing diagram for the various kinds of memory access occurring on the Amiga http://amigadev.elowar.com/read/ADCD_2.1/Hardware_Manual_guide/node02D4.html it seems to be saying that video ...
6
votes
1answer
215 views

How to integrate an 512kB EEPROM on a A3660 accelerator board at $00F00000?

I am currently experimenting with Chucky's re-engineered A3660 accelerator board for the Commodore Amiga (3000(T) and 4000(T)). My ultimate goal is to add an additional 512kB EEPROM to the ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

How can you connect an Amiga 500/600/1000/2000 to a modern monitor?

I have an Amiga 500 that I'd like to get up and running again, but the 1084 monitor with which I used to use it has flyback transformer issues. What options are available to hook it up to a modern ...
20
votes
1answer
4k views

Why do all the Speech Synthesizers have that same Voice?

The first time I ever played with software speech synthesis on a microcomputer (not hardware synthesis, like in TI's Speak & Spell) was around 1983, using S.A.M for the Commodore 64. A year later,...
5
votes
2answers
384 views

Transistor count of copper and blitter

According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOS_Technology_Agnus the Agnus, one of the three custom chips in the Amiga, that included the copper and blitter among other functions, contained a total of ...
4
votes
1answer
299 views

Identify this Amiga game: It's just like Rocket League

I remember playing an Amiga game which was very similar to Rocket League, subject to the technology of the time. It was a two player game with a top-down 2D playing area. There was a large puck ...
7
votes
2answers
137 views

Question about external Gary NAND driving _BLIT in depency of _ROMEN

what is the meaning of the NAND external connected driving _BLIT in depency of _ROMEN? I cant see the need mainipulate _BLIT by accessing the ROM. Is this an Gary bugfix? Strangely A500+ does not have ...
19
votes
4answers
2k views

How did the Amiga 500 left-side expansion port work?

On the Amiga 500 there is an expansion port How did the expansion port work?
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Amiga ed removes flags

Recently I noticed a strange behavior when editing startup-sequence with ED. Unless I call protect startup-sequence rwed before editing it, ed says unable to write the file. Saving the file ...
6
votes
1answer
195 views

How do specify drives to mount when Amiga 1200 starts up

I have an Amiga 1200 with an SD card and Classic WB installed. I have four drives DH0, DH1, DH2, DH3, when I start the machine with workbench it mounts all devices. If if start the machine using skip ...
0
votes
1answer
323 views

Amiga 500+ does not start up [closed]

Amiga 500+ does not start up. It has been offline for a considerable amount of time. The machine powers up but does not move from that point. I have inserted the workbench disk. Can anyone advise the ...
9
votes
1answer
209 views

When did Great Valley Products, stop producing hardware?

I had a GVP 68040 card in my old Amiga 2000 (ah those were the days). 25Mhz 68040, 16MB of RAM, SCSI controller to my 750 MB SCSI drive (if that was even 3200rpm I was probably lucky) and it was SO ...
8
votes
3answers
503 views

What limits Amiga 68030/40/60 accelerators to 256 MiB of RAM?

Even today there are companies that still make accelerators for the 68000-based Amigas, but I've never seen any such accelerator with more than 256 MiB of RAM. If the 68030+ can address 4 GiB, then ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

WinUAE, create a hard disk image of only boot partition?

If I have my CF Card connected in WinUAE, I am only able to create a hard disk image of the full 8GB. Is it possible to only image the boot partition? Thanks
5
votes
1answer
228 views

Should I start Amiga's copper list using COPJMP1 or is it superfluous?

According to the documentation I have ("Hardware" by J.Schimanski) after setting the copper list COP1LCx under $dff080 it should be started by writing an arbitrary value into COPJMP1 under $dff088. ...
9
votes
2answers
267 views

Version Control for AmigaOS 3.1

I owe my career as a software developer to the Amiga. I might have learned the basics of programming on the Apple II+ and Commodore 64 - but on my Amiga I learned skills I've applied to my whole ...
11
votes
1answer
662 views

Practical differences between the three Amiga 500 rev 5 motherboards?

The Big Book of Amiga Hardware lists three different versions of the Amiga 500 rev 5 motherboard which it names Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3. Were the changes made only to simplify manufacturing, or ...
6
votes
1answer
189 views

What is the necessity of the Signal BLS (Blitter SLow)

I am trying to understand the Amiga schematics: Question 1: What is the necessity of the Signal BLS (Blitter SLow) generated by A2000A U26 or Gary in the A2000B? Question 2: BLS is also set by ...
15
votes
4answers
495 views

Appropriate battery replacement for my A3000

I know the interwebs are full of information relating to the replacement of batteries for various computers, and the Amiga's are no different. But before I do anything rash, I wanted to ask for some ...
6
votes
1answer
447 views

Start application after Amiga Workbench 1.3 boot sequence

I want to start an application after the boot sequence of Workbench1.3: In my case an Amiga Shell application: Where are the startup files located and what are the changes to provide this?
4
votes
2answers
543 views

How hard would it be to port Amiga OS4 to x86 or ARM?

This question was raised on Facebook a few hours ago. Some say it's possible, others say impossible. What do you experts say?
10
votes
3answers
784 views

Can artifact color mode create 262,144 colors on Amiga OCS?

This is as a follow-up to my previous question on artifact colors and the excellent answers provided there. The images below show a simple example of artifact colors generated using a single bit-...
10
votes
3answers
245 views

Will using a clockport RTC card on an Amiga 1200 clash with the RTC on an accelerator card?

I have an accelerator card fitted to my Amiga 1200. The accelerator includes a real-time clock, but I noticed that the soldered-on rechargeable battery was in danger of leaking, so I cut it off before ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

How do I attach and use a CD-ROM drive to an Amiga?

I would like to add a CD-ROM drive to an Amiga. I have not tried this for several years and I remember things failing to work without giving any useful errors, multiple choices of device and ...