Questions tagged [amiga]

For questions related to the Commodore Amiga family of personal computers.

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8
votes
2answers
3k views

Repairing/Lubing/Fixing Amiga 500 floppy drive

I have acquired an Amiga 500 that seems fully functional, but the floppy disk drive seems to have mechanical issues. I could get it to read a few floppy disks until the last one wouldn't pop out when ...
14
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3answers
3k views

Is it possible to expand Amiga 500 rev 8 to 1.5 MB with a 1MB trapdoor expansion?

Is it possible to expand an Amiga 500 rev 8 (not an Amiga 500 plus) to 1.5 MB of Chip RAM using an A501+ expansion? It is plug and play or are modifications required? This is the board: Source: ...
6
votes
2answers
719 views

Transistor count of copper and blitter

According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOS_Technology_Agnus the Agnus, one of the three custom chips in the Amiga, that included the copper and blitter among other functions, contained a total of ...
13
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3answers
4k views

What is the benefit of increasing Amiga chip memory?

For example, an Amiga 500+ has 1MiB of chip memory, but it can be expanded to 2MiB. What would be the advantage?
8
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1answer
304 views

Are there any trapdoor slot video cards for a non-tower Amiga 1200?

Are there any trapdoor slot video cards for a non-tower Amiga 1200 ? (That excludes Zorro expansion cards, PCI mediator cards and BlizzardPPC+BVision - as all of those require tower case, also ...
30
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the Amiga 1200 timing fixes?

I have read that the Amiga 1200 may need certain "timing fixes" to be applied to the motherboard in order to use CPU accelerators. What are these timing fixes and why are they needed? Is there one ...
11
votes
1answer
773 views

HxC floppy emulator on Amiga 1200, second virtual drive disappears after reboot

I've recently purchased a HxC/Lotharek SD Card floppy drive emulator. It's working well replacing DF0: but I'm seeing some odd behaviour with its emulation of DF1:. On the first boot after power-up, ...
16
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2answers
3k views

Booting an Amiga 1000 directly to the hard drive without Kickstart floppy

The Amiga computers such as the Amiga 1000 required a Kickstart floppy to be able to boot directly into a hard drive. I have a Amiga 1000 as well but missing the Kickstart floppy. I would like to ...
9
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0answers
517 views

How many Amiga 3000's were produced?

While revisiting this question: Seeking details relating to Amiga 3000 serial numbers I began to wonder how many actual Amiga 3000's were produced by Commodore. I suspect (like most production ...
15
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1answer
826 views

What is the Kelly chip?

The Amiga 3000+ DevCon 1991 notes says: On the A3000+, these resources include the Amiga "Pandora" chip set (Alice, Lisa, Kelly, and Paula), However, a Kelly chip is not part of the official ...
9
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2answers
489 views

How many gates does each chip in OCS have?

According to Wikipedia, the original Agnus has 21000 transistors. How many gates would this be? (assuming there's a straightforward way to convert between gates and transistors). What about Denise, ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Amiga 500+ does not start up [closed]

Amiga 500+ does not start up. It has been offline for a considerable amount of time. The machine powers up but does not move from that point. I have inserted the workbench disk. Can anyone advise the ...
10
votes
1answer
798 views

Amiga 500+ rev8A, 1 MB chip RAM and 0.5 MB slow RAM

I have an 500+ rev8A, I added the missing 0.5 MB RAM and the U32 to the motherboard. I also have 512 KB in the trapdoor. This results in 1.5 MB chip RAM; but I want to have 1 MB chip RAM and 0.5 MB ...
12
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3answers
545 views

Who invented scrollable screens in Amiga?

A well known feature of Amiga is the ability to have multiple Intuition screens (ViewPorts in graphics.library parlance) that coexist and can be laid out on the screen so that they overlap vertically. ...
8
votes
1answer
763 views

What was Burst Mode on the 68030 and why didn't the A2630 support it?

Inspired by this question, I'm curious what burst mode was on the 68030 and why wasn't it supported on the A2630 accelerator card commonly found in the Amiga 2500/30? I had one of these machines and ...
9
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2answers
372 views

How did the Amiga uses compare to uses for other personal computers in 1985? [closed]

The Amiga 1000 came out in July 1985. This was an era in which personal computers were designed by their manufacturers to meet a unique set of bespoke requirements. For example, some computers came ...
7
votes
1answer
330 views

Which Amiga systems did access RAM with fast page access?

I'm pretty sure Chip and Fast RAM access on an Amiga 1000 does not support FPM access. Which Amiga system, chipset or motherboard "glue logic" first introduced FPM access to Fast RAM? Which one to ...
16
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2answers
1k views

Creating a new locale.library language support for AmigaOS

Looking through the LO (localisation) disk for Workbench 3.1, I see that the language files are binary. I'd like to create a Gaeilge (Irish) localisation file. How is this done on Amiga? Update: ...
7
votes
1answer
308 views

How do you open an Amiga A590 Power supply?

I have an Amiga 590 hard drive, but the power supply appears to be dead on it so I want to take a look inside. I have removed three screws from the underside but it still won't open, acting like there'...
14
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2answers
569 views

What is the minimum set of Kickstart kernel modules to allow an Amiga to boot?

Amiga OS resident modules (libraries, devices, etc...) are location-agnostic, in that it is technically possible to compile them as location-independent code to be loaded at runtime from disk, or to ...
13
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3answers
3k views

Extended ROMs on the Amiga CD32 and CDTV

Continuing my series of questions about Amiga ROMs :-) The Commodore CDTV contained a normal Kickstart 1.3 ROM, plus an "extended ROM". From http://www.l8r.net/technical/cdtv-technical.html: The ...
12
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2answers
1k views

What was the A1200 Flash ROM support meant for?

Question inspired by this answer's last paragraph: https://retrocomputing.stackexchange.com/a/1307/2155 The Revision 1 A1200 schematics show that the system originally had support for a two internal ...
33
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1answer
2k views

How did the Amiga DCTV work

This is an unusual question since I'll answer it right away because it was a truly unique device and there is absolutely nothing about the technology it used on the internet. I spoke with the hardware ...
6
votes
3answers
412 views

Opening or converting GFA Basic files to something readable?

There is a bunch of GFA BASIC for Amiga files (the source code for Blender's ancestor, Traces, downloadable here: http://zgodzinski.com/blender-prehistory/) that I would like to peek at. Despite my ...
6
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1answer
302 views

Can't type angle bracket characters in AmigaOS 4.1 on WinUAE

Has anyone else experienced that when running AmigaOS 4.1 inside WinUAE that they can't type the < or > characters? I have a mostly bog-standard American QWERTY keyboard, no special emulation ...
3
votes
1answer
589 views

When were other inexpensive computers able to recreate “The Amiga Juggler”? [closed]

The Amiga Juggler was the 2nd very popular demo to appear for the Amiga Computer early in its lifespan. The demo was created by Eric Graham (who went on to develop Sculpt3D) using raytracing to both ...
13
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2answers
2k views

What exactly are the differences between Kickstart 1.2 and 1.3?

The only very known difference is that Kickstart 1.3 fixes the silly bug that prevented Kickstart 1.2 to boot from a hard disk (a routine in the boot code uses A6 loaded with an incorrect library base,...
24
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1answer
5k views

Why do all the Speech Synthesizers have that same Voice?

The first time I ever played with software speech synthesis on a microcomputer (not hardware synthesis, like in TI's Speak & Spell) was around 1983, using S.A.M for the Commodore 64. A year later,...
34
votes
3answers
9k views

What modification is required from a PC floppy for use in Amiga?

Around the end of the time of Amiga popularity, obtaining a replacement Amiga floppy drive was a nuisance, while PC drives were ubiquitous and cheap. One could install a PC drive in Amiga after ...
6
votes
1answer
570 views

Multiple mass storage controllers on Amiga 500 or 2000

I'm in the process of restocking a lost collection of retro machines, including a couple of A500s, a 500+ and 2 A2000s (rev 4.1 and 6) in various states of disrepair. For one of the 2000s I would ...
50
votes
10answers
9k views

Why was preemptive multitasking so slow in coming to consumer OS's?

Preemptive (rather than cooperative) multitasking was a highly-touted feature for PC's in 1996, with its inclusion in Windows 95 for the first time. It was also highly-touted for 2001 Macs when ...
13
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3answers
854 views

Why was OCS low resolution limited to 6 bitplanes?

I'm looking for information whether there has ever been an official statement by Commodore back in the days on why the Original Chipset was limited to doing 6 bitplanes only when running in low ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Were external floppy drives for Atari ST and Amiga inter-compatible?

Were external floppy drives for Atari ST and Amiga inter-compatible? For example, Commodore 1541* had its own serial bus protocol. But what about the external 3.5" DD floppy disk drive on 23pins D-...
16
votes
1answer
529 views

Seeking details relating to Amiga 3000 serial numbers

I am the original owner of my Amiga 3000. As I remember it, I purchased the machine fairly early after release. I'm cleaning and detailing the machine, and I took a quick picture of the serial ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

What size screws were used in the Amiga desktop cases?

On the Amiga 500, 500+, 600, and 1200, what size screws were used to hold the chassis together? Is it the same size screw for all, different screws per machine, different screws front and rear, or ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Black Amiga 500 Keys

I am creating a black Amiga 500 casing for my retro pi unit. I have already bought the casing, a 1200 keyboard and keyrah unit to convert the keyboard to USB. I have some vinyl dye paint for the ...
15
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2answers
999 views

What information is encoded in the 22-digit barcodes on the Amiga's case?

What information is encoded in Amiga's 22-digit barcodes? For example: 0103791363642010121234
13
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3answers
2k views

Is the metal shielding required in all-in-one Amiga models?

All-in-one Amiga computers (500, 600, 1200) have metal shielding surrounding the mainboard. It is in two parts, one below the mainboard and one on top. The mainboard is physically linked to the lower ...
14
votes
1answer
851 views

What is the relationship between Amiga audio and the MOD music file format?

What is the the MOD music file format? Exactly how does it relate to the Amiga 1000 audio hardware? Did the MOD format become popular on non-Amiga computers? If so, why?
5
votes
2answers
973 views

How were individual bit planes scrolled on the Amiga (OCS)?

Back in my early Amiga days (A500), I remember coding simple demos that would use the dual-playfield mode and scroll them around (at a sweet 60FPS). It was pretty trivial to do with languages like ...
7
votes
1answer
240 views

What did Commodore's AppShell and AppObject do?

Among the many developed but never released software that Commodore developed for the Amiga there should be two applications, called AppShell and AppObject. What were these? Did anyone ever saw or ...
25
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are there two, different, Kickstart 1.3 ROMs with the same 34.5 version number?

The Kickstart 1.3 ROM file that is supplied with Cloanto's Amiga Forever (amiga-os-130.rom) is very slightly different to that which you'd get by dumping a real 1.3 ROM from an Amiga 500. ...
15
votes
1answer
761 views

How do Amiga “Monitor” drivers work?

A "Monitor" driver for an Amiga is a file which, when placed in DEVS:Monitors, enables additional screenmodes. The standard PAL or NTSC driver, which provides screenmodes compatible with consumer TV ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How to create fast an icon file for Amiga program in WB drawer?

I have copied one program from a floppy to a hdd drawer (I created for it) and I want to start this program directly, without going through Window -> Show -> All Files first in my Amiga ...
21
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4answers
4k views

How did the Amiga 500 left-side expansion port work?

On the Amiga 500 there is an expansion port How did the expansion port work?
10
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1answer
504 views

When did Great Valley Products, stop producing hardware?

I had a GVP 68040 card in my old Amiga 2000 (ah those were the days). 25Mhz 68040, 16MB of RAM, SCSI controller to my 750 MB SCSI drive (if that was even 3200rpm I was probably lucky) and it was SO ...
9
votes
3answers
865 views

What limits Amiga 68030/40/60 accelerators to 256 MiB of RAM?

Even today there are companies that still make accelerators for the 68000-based Amigas, but I've never seen any such accelerator with more than 256 MiB of RAM. If the 68030+ can address 4 GiB, then ...
6
votes
1answer
382 views

Should I start Amiga's copper list using COPJMP1 or is it superfluous?

According to the documentation I have ("Hardware" by J.Schimanski) after setting the copper list COP1LCx under $dff080 it should be started by writing an arbitrary value into COPJMP1 under $dff088. ...
9
votes
2answers
437 views

Version Control for AmigaOS 3.1

I owe my career as a software developer to the Amiga. I might have learned the basics of programming on the Apple II+ and Commodore 64 - but on my Amiga I learned skills I've applied to my whole ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Practical differences between the three Amiga 500 rev 5 motherboards?

The Big Book of Amiga Hardware lists three different versions of the Amiga 500 rev 5 motherboard which it names Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3. Were the changes made only to simplify manufacturing, or ...