Questions tagged [amiga]

For questions related to the Commodore Amiga family of personal computers.

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6
votes
1answer
607 views

Multiple mass storage controllers on Amiga 500 or 2000

I'm in the process of restocking a lost collection of retro machines, including a couple of A500s, a 500+ and 2 A2000s (rev 4.1 and 6) in various states of disrepair. For one of the 2000s I would ...
50
votes
10answers
10k views

Why was preemptive multitasking so slow in coming to consumer OS's?

Preemptive (rather than cooperative) multitasking was a highly-touted feature for PC's in 1996, with its inclusion in Windows 95 for the first time. It was also highly-touted for 2001 Macs when ...
13
votes
3answers
953 views

Why was OCS low resolution limited to 6 bitplanes?

I'm looking for information whether there has ever been an official statement by Commodore back in the days on why the Original Chipset was limited to doing 6 bitplanes only when running in low ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Were external floppy drives for Atari ST and Amiga inter-compatible?

Were external floppy drives for Atari ST and Amiga inter-compatible? For example, Commodore 1541* had its own serial bus protocol. But what about the external 3.5" DD floppy disk drive on 23pins D-...
16
votes
1answer
559 views

Seeking details relating to Amiga 3000 serial numbers

I am the original owner of my Amiga 3000. As I remember it, I purchased the machine fairly early after release. I'm cleaning and detailing the machine, and I took a quick picture of the serial ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Black Amiga 500 Keys

I am creating a black Amiga 500 casing for my retro pi unit. I have already bought the casing, a 1200 keyboard and keyrah unit to convert the keyboard to USB. I have some vinyl dye paint for the ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

What information is encoded in the 22-digit barcodes on the Amiga's case?

What information is encoded in Amiga's 22-digit barcodes? For example: 0103791363642010121234
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Is the metal shielding required in all-in-one Amiga models?

All-in-one Amiga computers (500, 600, 1200) have metal shielding surrounding the mainboard. It is in two parts, one below the mainboard and one on top. The mainboard is physically linked to the lower ...
14
votes
1answer
895 views

What is the relationship between Amiga audio and the MOD music file format?

What is the the MOD music file format? Exactly how does it relate to the Amiga 1000 audio hardware? Did the MOD format become popular on non-Amiga computers? If so, why?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How were individual bit planes scrolled on the Amiga (OCS)?

Back in my early Amiga days (A500), I remember coding simple demos that would use the dual-playfield mode and scroll them around (at a sweet 60FPS). It was pretty trivial to do with languages like ...
7
votes
1answer
245 views

What did Commodore's AppShell and AppObject do?

Among the many developed but never released software that Commodore developed for the Amiga there should be two applications, called AppShell and AppObject. What were these? Did anyone ever saw or ...
25
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are there two, different, Kickstart 1.3 ROMs with the same 34.5 version number?

The Kickstart 1.3 ROM file that is supplied with Cloanto's Amiga Forever (amiga-os-130.rom) is very slightly different to that which you'd get by dumping a real 1.3 ROM from an Amiga 500. ...
15
votes
1answer
854 views

How do Amiga "Monitor" drivers work?

A "Monitor" driver for an Amiga is a file which, when placed in DEVS:Monitors, enables additional screenmodes. The standard PAL or NTSC driver, which provides screenmodes compatible with consumer TV ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How to create fast an icon file for Amiga program in WB drawer?

I have copied one program from a floppy to a hdd drawer (I created for it) and I want to start this program directly, without going through Window -> Show -> All Files first in my Amiga ...
22
votes
4answers
4k views

How did the Amiga 500 left-side expansion port work?

On the Amiga 500 there is an expansion port How did the expansion port work?
10
votes
1answer
539 views

When did Great Valley Products, stop producing hardware?

I had a GVP 68040 card in my old Amiga 2000 (ah those were the days). 25Mhz 68040, 16MB of RAM, SCSI controller to my 750 MB SCSI drive (if that was even 3200rpm I was probably lucky) and it was SO ...
10
votes
3answers
949 views

What limits Amiga 68030/40/60 accelerators to 256 MiB of RAM?

Even today there are companies that still make accelerators for the 68000-based Amigas, but I've never seen any such accelerator with more than 256 MiB of RAM. If the 68030+ can address 4 GiB, then ...
6
votes
1answer
436 views

Should I start Amiga's copper list using COPJMP1 or is it superfluous?

According to the documentation I have ("Hardware" by J.Schimanski) after setting the copper list COP1LCx under $dff080 it should be started by writing an arbitrary value into COPJMP1 under $dff088. ...
9
votes
2answers
461 views

Version Control for AmigaOS 3.1

I owe my career as a software developer to the Amiga. I might have learned the basics of programming on the Apple II+ and Commodore 64 - but on my Amiga I learned skills I've applied to my whole ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Practical differences between the three Amiga 500 rev 5 motherboards?

The Big Book of Amiga Hardware lists three different versions of the Amiga 500 rev 5 motherboard which it names Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3. Were the changes made only to simplify manufacturing, or ...
7
votes
1answer
297 views

What is the necessity of the Signal BLS (Blitter SLow)

I am trying to understand the Amiga schematics: Question 1: What is the necessity of the Signal BLS (Blitter SLow) generated by A2000A U26 or Gary in the A2000B? Question 2: BLS is also set by ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

Appropriate battery replacement for my A3000

I know the interwebs are full of information relating to the replacement of batteries for various computers, and the Amiga's are no different. But before I do anything rash, I wanted to ask for some ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Start application after Amiga Workbench 1.3 boot sequence

I want to start an application after the boot sequence of Workbench1.3: In my case an Amiga Shell application: Where are the startup files located and what are the changes to provide this?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How hard would it be to port Amiga OS4 to x86 or ARM?

This question was raised on Facebook a few hours ago. Some say it's possible, others say impossible. What do you experts say?
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Can artifact color mode create 262,144 colors on Amiga OCS?

This is as a follow-up to my previous question on artifact colors and the excellent answers provided there. The images below show a simple example of artifact colors generated using a single bit-...
15
votes
4answers
7k views

How do I attach and use a CD-ROM drive to an Amiga?

I would like to add a CD-ROM drive to an Amiga. I have not tried this for several years and I remember things failing to work without giving any useful errors, multiple choices of device and ...
10
votes
1answer
507 views

What was the difference between the original Video Toaster and the 4000 version?

There were two versions of the Video Toaster hardware: an original one designed for the A2000 and a later one designed for the A4000 which was suitably called the Video Toaster 4000. While I can ...
60
votes
6answers
8k views

Reason for the Amiga clock speed

The Amiga used a CPU rated for 8 megahertz, but clocked at 7.14 megahertz. What was the reason for this number? I remember it was something to do with a multiple of the frequency of the video ...
11
votes
2answers
608 views

What's the meaning of __saveds in Amiga C code?

What's the meaning of __saveds in Amiga C code? It's applied to function prototypes, and is required for functions that are to be called by assembler code, if I understand correctly.
12
votes
2answers
1k views

How does the Amiga chipset RGA bus work?

The RGA bus is the bus that connects Agnus/Alice with Denise/Lisa and Paula. What is it used for? I guess at a minimum to write/read registers in Denise/Lisa and Paula, and I guess to feed data to ...
17
votes
2answers
4k views

How does the Kickstart ROM load and start workbench?

As I understand, on the Commodore Amigas, the kickstart copies itself into a region of memory which is later made read-only. Does kickstart also copy workbench into this region? How does kickstart ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Was it possible to get more than 8 sprites per scanline on an Amiga with the copper list?

I've read in the past that it was possible to overcome the 8 sprites per scanline on the Amiga (OCS) using the copper list. However, I can't seem to find any actual references to what may have used ...
11
votes
2answers
440 views

What happens when a floppy track contains multiple sync words?

This question is specifically aimed to the Amiga hardware. Let's assume a floppy track is read via DMA using sync word to trigger the start. Let's also assume the track contains the sync word ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

How are Amiga libraries structured?

In this Crash course to Amiga assembly programming, the author loads A6 with a constant, and then regularly jumps to offsets from that constant. He explains: All functions within that library can be ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Replacing Amiga 9 pin D-Sub mouse cable

I have an original Amiga "tank" mouse, the PCBs are good, but the cable is clearly faulty as the Y axis and left mouse click doesn't work when it is tilted to the right. I need to replace the cable ...
11
votes
2answers
551 views

Official explanation for offering both BOOPSI and GadTools?

Was there ever an official explanation on why AmigaOS 2.0 offered two similar GUI gadget toolkits, in the form of BOOPSI and GadTools? Or, to put it in another way, why were not GadTools gadgets ...
5
votes
0answers
152 views

Can a modern 1.44MB floppy drive work with an Amiga 2000? [duplicate]

Can an Amiga 2000 (or even A500) be made to easily work with modern 1.44 MB drives? Meaning, is it just a matter of pin mappings or are the drives just too incompatible? I realize there are other ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

I've taken my Amiga computer out of storage after several years and it doesn't work. What's the likely cause?

I've had an Amiga on a shelf for a long time. Today I took it down and tried to use it but it's not working. There's some basic activity - the power LED illuminates, and there is a video signal - but ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there a Linux client for Amiga Explorer?

I have some Amigas that I would like to be able to transfer files to/from using my primary desktop machine, a PC running Linux. My Amigas do have CrossDOS installed, but transferring things in 720K ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I add multiple internal drives to an Amiga 2000?

The default configuration of an Amiga 2000 has a single internal floppy drive. Can I add a second internal floppy drive? Can I add a third or fourth drive too?
11
votes
1answer
644 views

Why would a PAL Amiga sometimes start up in NTSC display mode?

For an OCS Amiga (Workbench 1.2 or 1.3) I remember sometimes after a Guru Meditation/software failure reboot, Workbench would be restricted to NTSC size displays (200 non-interlaced vertical lines in ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

What advantages are there to replacing Kickstart 3.0 with Kickstart 3.1?

I have an Amiga that has the Kickstart 3.0 ROMs installed. What advantages are there to replacing the Kickstart ROMs with 3.1? Is there any software that requires Kickstart 3.1 to function?
12
votes
1answer
897 views

How did the Amiga 1000 WCS (write controlled store) for Kickstart work?

Most Amiga computers have Kickstart (the core of the operating system) on ROM. But the original Amiga 1000 instead loaded Kickstart from disk. It had boot ROM that would run some self tests and then ...
13
votes
1answer
592 views

What does Personal Paint documentation actually refer to by "unmaskable interrupt" for its "crash protection feature"?

Personal Paint was a gfx program for Amiga that introduced many novel concepts, some quite ingenious, some... controversial. Among all, it had a "crash protection" feature, that was meant to enable ...
19
votes
1answer
2k views

Change Amiga Shell keyboard layout in Workbench 1.3

I'm using Workbench 1.3 in Amiga 500. I managed to change the Spanish keyboard in "SetMap", as shown in the following figure: And I can write text with special spanish characters (ñ,ç,ó,á,...) from ...
12
votes
2answers
644 views

What did disk-validator do?

...besides relabelling the disk to 'Lazarus' and helping the Saddam virus spread? I know it was supposed to 'fix' corrupted disks that were ejected during a write operation. I don't think I've seen a ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

How could Amiga computers play 14 bit sound?

The "Paula" chip used for sound output in all Amiga computers had 4 8bit sound channels (arguably comparable to 9bit stereo). There were programs/libraries which could play 14bit stereo on the Amiga ...

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