Questions tagged [emulation]

For questions about processes and software for emulating retro computer and console hardware (e.g. MAME, QEMU).

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-2
votes
6answers
126 views

What are the advantages/disadvantages of using retro hardware vs. FPGA emulation vs. software emulation? [closed]

As someone who recently become interested in retro home computers of 80's and early 90's I'm wandering what are the differences between using a real hardware, FPGA based hardware emulators like MiSTer ...
1
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0answers
52 views

Do the Tandy CoCo and the Dragon 32 & 64 use all the same disk image file formats?

Tandy's TRS-80 Color Computer "CoCo" and the Dragon 32 & 64 were very similar but not clones and not the same. Floppy disk versions used totally different DOSes and disk layouts. Both ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Are there any CHIP-8 games that break if `SAVE` / `RESTORE` *doesn't* change the pointer register?

The CHIP-8 instructions SAVE Vx (Fx55) and RESTORE Vx (Fx65) are originally specified to increment the pointer register I as each register is saved/loaded, so by the end of the instruction, the value ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Which Apple II emulators were the first ones each to use the .do and .po “dsk” floppy disk image file formats?

Apple II emulation must have started around 25 years ago but I can't seem to find a history of emulation of the platform. There are several disk image file formats but for now I'm interested in the ...
7
votes
1answer
92 views

Understanding the DMK disk image file format used by TRS-80 emulators

DMK is a low-level disk image file format used by TRS-80 Model I & Model III, Tandy Color Computer, Dragon 32 & 64, and MSX emulators. It's capable of representing copy-protected disks and all ...
16
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2answers
2k views

Is there a Commodore 64 emulator that can profile running code?

I am developing some software for the Commodore 64, and I am concerned about its runspeed. Is there an emulator that can report, after running my code, where exactly it spent most of its time? I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

How to get GOTEK to work with CDTV?

I'm trying to connect Gotek drive to my CDTV using external caddy (amitek). The drive has 3 digit LED display, after boot i can see F-F. When I insert Flash drive it detects images on it, I can ...
3
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2answers
616 views

How does the RST operation of GameBoy (SHARP LR35902) work?

The GameBoy CPU Manual talks about restart operations on page 116. Each of these operations push the current address onto the stack, and then jumps to a specific address (0x00, 0x08, 0x10, etc, ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

What is the file that VICE refers to as dos1541?

VICE needs a file called dos1541 if you want hardware emulation of the 1541 disk drive. What does that file contain, exactly? The 1541 seems to have two ROMs: a DOS and a KERNAL. But if I take the ...
4
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4answers
353 views

Would having the console's CPU help in emulation hypothetically?

If I had a hypothetical computer just like nowaday's computers, but it had an NMOS 6502, would it provide me with a better emulation experience than if I were to emulate the 6502 inside software? Also,...
2
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1answer
96 views

Are there open source Java libraries for reading DSK and EDSK disk image files as used by Amstrad and Spectrum +3 emulators?

I've been working on some modules for the Ghidra reverse engineering tool. Ghidra is written in Java, which I'd always avoided when I was more actively programming so this is an opportunity to learn ...
8
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1answer
454 views

Was there ever a functional EGA emulator for the Hercules graphics card?

I used to use a CGA emulator (don't remember which one it was), that could show some gfx even in EGA/VGA-only games (when I selected EGA mode). I remember my frustration seeing some garbled graphics ...
3
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1answer
167 views

How to emulate Pocket PC (PPC) 2003?

The OS is at least 17-18 years ago. Yet there is a lot of scattered information and dead ends, and no clarity on how to emulate Pocket PC 2003, the early precedent to Windows Mobile. How to emulate ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Do any of the open source Sinclair ZX Spectrum emulators support both TR-DOS and 3DOS?

The number of Spectrum emulators has been growing for decades now so there's quite a lot for different platforms and written in different languages. I'm interesting in learning about two of the disk ...
2
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2answers
125 views

How do I navigate the boot menu in later model Spectrum emulators?

35 years ago I had an original 48K Sinclair ZX Spectrum. I never had any of the Plus or 128K models and practically never even touched one as I moved onto the Amiga quite early. I'm now playing with ...
7
votes
2answers
565 views

Why does the .z80 emulator-snapshot format have separate fields for the 8-bit refresh register and bit 7 of R?

I've been looking at the .z80 file format for Sinclair ZX Spectrum games. Most docs discussing the format include pretty much this wording: Offset Length Description -----------------------...
6
votes
2answers
334 views

Are there standalone emulators of Applesoft Basic?

My only retrocomputing desire is to program in Applesoft Basic and relive the Apple II days from the 1980's. Playing games is of no particular interest to me. I just want to use a keyboard, not a ...
1
vote
2answers
202 views

How to get rid of keyboard latency in atari800 emulator?

I use the atari800 emulator v. 4.2.0 on windows 10 and linux in latest version. (https://atari800.github.io) I notice an annoying keyboard latency of up to 100-200ms (keypress-to-click and ...
14
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2answers
762 views

Does the Z80 allow interrupts after processing and ignoring a 0xdd prefix?

I read here that if the Z80 encounters e.g. multiple 0xdd prefixes in sequence, for each 0xxdd except the last it acts almost like a NOP, but does not allow interrupts to occur immediately after "...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

NES chips usage

I am curently studying NES architecture to create a NES emulator. While looking up the NES motherboard schematics (https://console5.com/wiki/Nintendo_NES-001), some of the chips usage are not clear to ...
12
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2answers
643 views

Where to upload the odd and rare emulators and related to them ROMs & software?

Over time, I collected some rare and interesting emulators and their roms and software for, for example, region specific computer machines, rare 1-2 gen consoles and what not. Many of these emulators ...
7
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2answers
427 views

Get exact position of raster beam on C64/C128

By reading register $D012/$D011 or when pausing the execution of an emulation in VICE starting the monitor and entering io d000, it is possible to get information about the current rasterline. For ...
2
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2answers
233 views

Is there such thing as para-emulation? [closed]

Is there such thing as a para-emulation? Like para-virtualization but for emulation? If so, where could I find a website that describes it?
17
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4answers
2k views

80286 real mode emulator for 8086

While trying to use a "modern" sound card (an Aztech Sound Galaxy Pro 16 II) in an XT compatible 8086 computer, I encountered the problem that the drivers and tools (like the mixer initialization tool ...
25
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2answers
7k views

How does the Gameboy Link Cable work?

I've been looking into implementing Gameboy Link Cable compatibility into Bizhawk (which does not support it yet) using Lua. The problem is that I can't find any mention of how it works online. I ...
13
votes
1answer
863 views

Does the Commodore CDTV-CR contain a 65C02 for some reason?

Browsing around the FS-UAE source code I discovered a 65(S)C02 emulation core, which appears to not be referenced anywhere outside of some CDTV-CR related source file. Apparently, a CDTV is ...
7
votes
2answers
625 views

Build a hardware clone or emulator of Apple II?

These days we are constantly seeing low-cost boards that have huge power (raspberry pi, various arduino-like microcontrollers.) I am hoping I could make, or get, a clone or emulation of an Apple II ...
2
votes
2answers
341 views

emulator library that allows to partially emulate old games [closed]

EDIT: previously I added a lot of examples to this questions. I removed the examples, because the question was voted to be "too broad", so I put more emphasis on the question again. Question: Is ...
5
votes
3answers
496 views

Can someone explain this algorithm used to compute the auxiliary carry flag?

I'm debugging my 8080 emulator and I've gone the route of comparing it to the output of another tested emulator to see where I went wrong. When calculating the auxiliary carry flag, I used this ...
8
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4answers
1k views

C64 cartridge emulation with ATmega

As a personal project I had the idea to create a custom cartridge for my Commodore 64 and use an ATmega 1284p microcontroller to emulate eproms and/or custom chips. Basically my idea is similar to ...
60
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10answers
8k views

What makes accurate emulation of old systems a difficult task?

Thanks to a lot of passionate and skilled people, we can emulate pretty much any retro platform today. For most people they perform well enough, but in fact, a substantial amount of these emulators ...
35
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1answer
2k views

Did Windows NT 4 emulate x86 on non-Intel platforms?

I've been trying to find more information about non-Intel versions of Windows NT regarding x86 emulation but found very little about it. There is one sentence about it in the Wikipedia page but the ...
-4
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4answers
483 views

Operating systems which have non-x86 instruction set architecture [closed]

What are the most famous operating systems for non-x86 computers? I mean, most famous OS which have different instruction set architecture. Background (to better understand my task): I ask this ...
1
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1answer
869 views

How to add Final Cartridge III to VICE C64/128 Emulator

How do I properly add Final Cartridge III to VICE Emulator? In the file menu, VICE has an item Attach cartridge image... which splits up into CRT Image but also a list of several cartridges, among ...
14
votes
1answer
345 views

Could suitably-written Apple-I software force bytes into the display shift register, and do modern recreations emulate that?

The original Apple I didn't use RAM to hold the contents of the display, but instead used a group of six 1024-bit shift registers to hold the display contents and a seventh 1024-bit shift register to ...
6
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7answers
1k views

What systems had the lowest resolution ever that still allowed games to be made?

Just for fun, I wrote my own Chip8 interpreter/emulator and it works. The point is that it works in the terminal, meaning that a pixel is rendered using curses and a # character. For the Chip8 that'...
14
votes
3answers
658 views

Is there a line printer sound simulator?

To improve "authenticity" of a mainframe simulator and for an additional nostalgic effect, I'd like to add sounds of a line printer to it. They should be similar enough to the original sounds for ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Symbian emulator to run Ngage games

I don't really know if this is the correct place to ask this, if not let me know where I should. I would like to know if it would be possible to run Ngage games on an existing Symbian emulator. There ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Emulating IRIX on a modern system [closed]

Has there been any attempt to emulate a system that could run the IRIX operating system?
50
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17answers
11k views

Simplest system to create an emulator for

Next year I'm going to teach a 2-semester microprocessors class to third-year undergraduate EE students. In order to sign up for the class, students need to have completed programming and digital ...
21
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6answers
5k views

How do arcade ROMs work

The way I understand it, ROMS are like virtual games, and emulators are like virtual game consoles, or handhelds. What I don't understand is how there are ROMs for arcade games, which don't have ...
38
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5answers
5k views

Is it possible to make a ROM converter?

Based on my understanding, an emulator is necessary because the machine with the emulator on it (say Windows), doesn't execute the same machine code as the target platform (6502, for example). So what ...
16
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5answers
3k views

Why are different emulators needed to run platforms that use 6502 assembly code?

To my knowledge, an emulator turns machine code for a console into something that your computer can understand. For example, assembly code from a Gamecube game is not the same as from a .exe file. ...
11
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4answers
4k views

Is there a cycle-exact 8086 emulator?

I'm trying to emulate programs from the 80s, but with an accurate clock-speed¹ (pretending its an 8086). Meaning that if a 8086 would take X ms/opcode, the emulator should take X ms (+- a bit of ...
6
votes
4answers
935 views

Retro emulation with perfect V-sync

I'm building an retro emulator to connect to a PAL (720x576i @ 50 Hz) CRT TV, and would like a perfect V-blank image, so the visuals are identical to original arcades and retro computers. In other ...
5
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2answers
731 views

Open source, non-GPL SID emulator

I am looking for a SID emulator that is open source, but not GPL. In particular, I am looking for something with a license that allows me to link it to a closed-source program; and also one that ...
24
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2answers
2k views

Are there runnable Multics systems available?

I've always read that Multics was a failed precurser of Unix, and was interested in seeing how it looks (as in, what features did Unix remove that Multics had, and did more modern Unixen bring them ...
8
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3answers
652 views

How to do I/O with emulation code?

I have a partly-written emulation program for the 8086 CPU. And I'm not sure how to go about adding I/O capabilities to it. The emulator implements a subset of the 8086 instruction set described here. ...
2
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2answers
429 views

Is emulation ultimately the future of retro computing? [closed]

As you probably know, nothing really lasts forever in the human-made world of appliances, especially electronic ones. Whether it stems from market evolution, technical advancements, newer paradigms, ...
3
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1answer
961 views

Is it possible to make VICE load .prg files faster?

When I load a C64 .prg with the Hoxs64 emulator, my .prg loads pretty much instantly. But when I load the same .prg file with VICE (x64 app.prg) it takes quite a while (depends on memory map, but ...