Questions tagged [emulation]

Processes and software for emulating retro hardware (e.g. MAME, QEMU). NOT EVERY EMULATION QUESTION IS ON-TOPIC; SEE TAG WIKI.

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61
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10answers
8k views

What makes accurate emulation of old systems a difficult task?

Thanks to a lot of passionate and skilled people, we can emulate pretty much any retro platform today. For most people they perform well enough, but in fact, a substantial amount of these emulators ...
50
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17answers
15k views

Simplest system to create an emulator for

Next year I'm going to teach a 2-semester microprocessors class to third-year undergraduate EE students. In order to sign up for the class, students need to have completed programming and digital ...
47
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2answers
8k views

Why does the infamous "ENGAGERIDLEYMOTHERFUCKER" metroid password break NES emulators?

For those who are unfamiliar, the original NES Metroid was one of many NES games to use passwords as a means to save progress. Later, this password system was leveraged to create unusual effects in ...
45
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1answer
3k views

Did Windows NT 4 emulate x86 on non-Intel platforms?

I've been trying to find more information about non-Intel versions of Windows NT regarding x86 emulation but found very little about it. There is one sentence about it in the Wikipedia page but the ...
39
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1answer
6k views

Fixing obscure 8080 emulator bug?

I'm using cpudiag.bin from http://www.emulator101.com/files/cpudiag.bin to test my emulator. I've already implemented the CP/M CALL function at 0x05, offset the program at 0x100 and fixed the offset ...
38
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5answers
6k views

Is it possible to make a ROM converter?

Based on my understanding, an emulator is necessary because the machine with the emulator on it (say Windows), doesn't execute the same machine code as the target platform (6502, for example). So what ...
31
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9answers
10k views

NES cartridge ROM emulation with Arduino or Pi?

I'm looking to buy or make an NES cartridge that can be controlled by a microcontroller or small computer like the Raspberry Pi. I don't want to gut an NES cart and put an NES emulator inside it (as ...
29
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1answer
12k views

Why is a BIOS dump not required to emulate Nintendo 64 games in most modern emulators?

In order to emulate some home consoles (Playstation 1/2, Sega Saturn/CD/32x, etc.) a dump of the system's BIOS is required to emulate the console. Out of the Nintendo 64 emulators I have found online,...
28
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2answers
8k views

How does the Gameboy Link Cable work?

I've been looking into implementing Gameboy Link Cable compatibility into Bizhawk (which does not support it yet) using Lua. The problem is that I can't find any mention of how it works online. I ...
27
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6answers
5k views

Is there still no "digital version of PCBs and ICs" software that all future emulators can use?

It strikes me that, in theory, it would be possible to skip the classic approach of emulation and instead literally build a NES, SNES, Nintendo 64 or any console with digital "components", ...
27
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4answers
12k views

What exactly is a cycle-accurate emulator?

Emulators such as Higan are cycle-accurate and thus have full compatibility with all existing software. In a 2011 Ars Technica article, much was said about cycle accuracy and how it preserves games by ...
25
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4answers
2k views

Do instruction exercisers exist for 8086 and 68K (and other) CPUs?

For some of retroCPUs there exist exhaustive instruction exercisers, i.e. programs that are capable of catching the implementation errors when run on the emulator under development or on the newly ...
25
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3answers
3k views

Linux 68k Macintosh emulator

I'm currently using the absolutely ancient "Fusion" emulator to emulate a 68k Macintosh (specifically, a Quadra 700), but it only runs under MS-DOS, so I'm using a VirtualBox VM to emulate that. I'd ...
25
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2answers
2k views

Are there runnable Multics systems available?

I've always read that Multics was a failed precurser of Unix, and was interested in seeing how it looks (as in, what features did Unix remove that Multics had, and did more modern Unixen bring them ...
25
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1answer
2k views

Why are there two, different, Kickstart 1.3 ROMs with the same 34.5 version number?

The Kickstart 1.3 ROM file that is supplied with Cloanto's Amiga Forever (amiga-os-130.rom) is very slightly different to that which you'd get by dumping a real 1.3 ROM from an Amiga 500. ...
24
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6answers
11k views

Can x86 processors run 8-bit applications?

I was wondering if it is possible to run 8-bit applications within QEMU. I know that the x86 architecture can run 16-bit applications, but can it also run 8-bit applications?
23
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2answers
5k views

How to convert Amiga DMS to ADF?

Our demoscene group managed to release only one demo before it fell apart, but these being the early days of the Internet in my country, and me getting lucky with obtaining access to it and creating ...
22
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6answers
5k views

How do arcade ROMs work

The way I understand it, ROMS are like virtual games, and emulators are like virtual game consoles, or handhelds. What I don't understand is how there are ROMs for arcade games, which don't have ...
22
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5answers
6k views

How to detect a real Commodore 64, THEC64, or VICE emulator in software?

Some programs notice if they are run on a real Commodore 64 or an emulator. For example, this demo from 2007 stops on VICE emulator 3.2 with the message "No VIC inside". How is this done? I ...
22
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2answers
2k views

How do old computer emulators work?

I'm wondering how old computer emulators work. I can think of two possible approaches: "hardware" approach - like a set of components that exactly act as low-level hardware elements. I mean ...
20
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6answers
6k views

How can I emulate MS-DOS on OS X?

I am looking for a emulator for MS-DOS for OS X to run old games on. Are there any free emulators for MS-DOS that run on an Apple machine with OS X?
20
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2answers
2k views

How to check the C64 graphics mode used by Maniac Mansion

I have been investigating the MS-DOS port of the C64's Maniac Mansion game. The original MS-DOS port used the C64-specific character map to draw the various backgrounds in the game. I noticed that ...
19
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2answers
2k views

First computer emulator in Windows

I released my ZX Spectrum emulation Wspecem, and GPL sources first time publicly in the Internet at large, the 15th May 1996, for Windows 95. I am quite sure it was the first ZX Spectrum emulation ...
18
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5answers
4k views

Why are different emulators needed to run platforms that use 6502 assembly code?

To my knowledge, an emulator turns machine code for a console into something that your computer can understand. For example, assembly code from a Gamecube game is not the same as from a .exe file. ...
18
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4answers
3k views

80286 real mode emulator for 8086

While trying to use a "modern" sound card (an Aztech Sound Galaxy Pro 16 II) in an XT compatible 8086 computer, I encountered the problem that the drivers and tools (like the mixer initialization tool ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Emulate smooth scrolling

One thing I really liked about the 8-bit (and even most 16-bit) games was that the frame rate was fixed to the vertical blanking. Games were smooth back then. I've been trying to recreate that feeling ...
18
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2answers
2k views

Is there a Commodore 64 emulator that can profile running code?

I am developing some software for the Commodore 64, and I am concerned about its runspeed. Is there an emulator that can report, after running my code, where exactly it spent most of its time? I'm ...
18
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1answer
855 views

Unable to install Colonization in DOSBox

I'm attempting to install Sid Meyer's Colonization in DOSBox from the original floppies, and it gives me the error message "You have specified a drive that doesn't physically exist!" when I ...
17
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2answers
2k views

Can I run a NES emulator off the original cartridges?

Every NES emulator I've found runs off ROM dumps. Would it be possible to run an emulator using the original cartridges directly? It's probably not the most practical way of doing things, but the "...
16
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2answers
10k views

Install Commodore 64 on VirtualBox

I have installed MS-DOS, FreeDOS and Windows 98 in Oracle VirtualBox. I want to try Commodore 64. How do I install a Commodore 64 emulator in VirtualBox?
16
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2answers
1k views

Emulate a text-mode DOS program using a Unix terminal

Is it possible to run a text-mode DOS program in an emulator under a Unix-like operating system (Linux/*BSD/macOS) such that DOS text-mode input and output is done on a Unix terminal instead of a ...
15
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7answers
5k views

Are there any good, non-abandoned PC emulators?

Mission: I'm trying to simulate a classic ~286/386/486/Pentium inside my modern PC (running Windows 10) in the most authentic way possible. Just a quick note to say that I (Sarah Walker) have decided ...
15
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3answers
1k views

What are the laws concerning emulation in the US?

Emulators have always been a gray area. Googling the laws on emulation reveals all sorts of different answers, often with people saying that it's ok because "it's old stuff anyways." Are there laws ...
15
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3answers
7k views

How can MS-DOS be installed on VirtualBox?

As part of the MSDN subscription I just got, I can download MS-DOS 6.22 (wow indeed). I want to install it to a VirtualBox VM so I can try old games and viruses (due to viruses, I can't install it to ...
15
votes
3answers
793 views

Is there a line printer sound simulator?

To improve "authenticity" of a mainframe simulator and for an additional nostalgic effect, I'd like to add sounds of a line printer to it. They should be similar enough to the original sounds for ...
14
votes
2answers
846 views

Does the Z80 allow interrupts after processing and ignoring a 0xdd prefix?

I read here that if the Z80 encounters e.g. multiple 0xdd prefixes in sequence, for each 0xxdd except the last it acts almost like a NOP, but does not allow interrupts to occur immediately after "...
14
votes
1answer
945 views

Does the Commodore CDTV-CR contain a 65C02 for some reason?

Browsing around the FS-UAE source code I discovered a 65(S)C02 emulation core, which appears to not be referenced anywhere outside of some CDTV-CR related source file. Apparently, a CDTV is ...
14
votes
1answer
420 views

Is there a way to cut idle CPU usage under Multitasking MS-DOS 4.0?

The operating system variously known as ‘Multitasking MS-DOS 4.0’ or ‘European MS-DOS’, to avoid confusion with the better-known single-tasking MS-DOS 4.0, has the mildly irritating flaw that it doesn’...
14
votes
1answer
403 views

Could suitably-written Apple-I software force bytes into the display shift register, and do modern recreations emulate that?

The original Apple I didn't use RAM to hold the contents of the display, but instead used a group of six 1024-bit shift registers to hold the display contents and a seventh 1024-bit shift register to ...
13
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7answers
2k views

Do any mainframe emulators exist with a functional FORTRAN compiler?

Similar to this question, but generalized to any mainframe computer from before the microprocessor era, does there exist an emulator and OS for a vintage mainframe computer that will run the output ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a seamless, Wine-like AmigaOS emulator for Linux, specifically for text-based programs?

After trying out FS-UAE on my Fedora Linux system, which worked quite nicely, I got to thinking. Even though when the Amiga was originally released in the middle 1980s, it was revolutionary in its ...
13
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5answers
5k views

Looking for a Z80 simulator/emulator for Linux

I've seen simulators for the 8085 (i.e., sim8085) but not the Zilog Z80. Is there a similar sort of editor/assembler/compiler/debugger simulator for the Z80?
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating the time for a CPU cycle

As a learning exercise, I'm writing an emulator for the 6809 CPU. I'd like to simulate the speed of the CPU. I know the Motorola 6809E runs at 0.895 MHz and 1.79 MHz on the Color Computer 3. How do I ...
13
votes
1answer
555 views

How to use virtual cassettes with Matthew Reed's TRS-80 Model III emulator? (TRS32)

I'm fooling around with Matthew Reed's TRS-80 Model 1/III/4 emulator for Windows (TRS32) and am have trouble using virtual cassettes. I am using it to emulate a Model III with Level II BASIC. I have ...
12
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13answers
2k views

Emulators running on 8-bit personal computers

Were there emulators running on 8-bit computers (preferably "mainstream" personal ones), available to general public (as opposed to in-house developers only)? I am mostly after emulators ...
12
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6answers
2k views

Is there a C64(or any other) emulation that can be run in terminal?

I was looking for a C64 type computer that can be used in the terminal. Can I code one or is there one on the interwebs?
12
votes
4answers
4k views

Is there a cycle-exact 8086 emulator?

I'm trying to emulate programs from the 80s, but with an accurate clock-speed¹ (pretending its an 8086). Meaning that if a 8086 would take X ms/opcode, the emulator should take X ms (+- a bit of ...
12
votes
2answers
662 views

Where to upload the odd and rare emulators and related to them ROMs & software?

Over time, I collected some rare and interesting emulators and their roms and software for, for example, region specific computer machines, rare 1-2 gen consoles and what not. Many of these emulators ...
11
votes
6answers
4k views

Is there a device that connects to a USB port and acts like a normal PC floppy drive?

I'm aware there are floppy emulators that are installed to 3.5″ bays where disk images are stored on a flash drive. But what I need now is the opposite: essentially a USB dongle that emulates the ...
11
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2answers
1k views

How to convert Atari (65XE) tapes to ATR?

I still have some tapes for my Atari 65XE and I'd like to play some of the old games I got. But I don't have the Atari anymore. I have a tape recorder of quality surpassing the Atari one by quite a ...