Questions tagged [internet]

Connecting retro systems to the Internet, and historical aspects of the Internet: software, hardware, protocols. DO NOT USE WHEN MERELY ASKING ABOUT HISTORICAL RESOURCES ON THE INTERNET OF TODAY.

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ARPANET IMP topology using NCP

According to Internet Daemons, the notion of 'gateways' was introduced practically simultaneously with the TCP protocol. From what I have read, early NCP addresses were 8 bits: 2 to specify the host ...
shea's user avatar
  • 21
8 votes
2 answers
738 views

What systems actually used the ACCT command in FTP?

FTP has a USER command for sending the user name and a PASS command for sending the password. It also has an ACCT command, as RFC 959 page 26 explains: ACCOUNT (ACCT) The argument field is a ...
Simon Kissane's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
184 views

What were the earliest images uploaded on the internet before the web? [closed]

What's the earliest images uploaded on the internet before the protocol the web existed? People believed the Cernettes image was the first image on the internet when it's actually the first image on ...
Amber Alvia's user avatar
19 votes
3 answers
4k views

How fast was ARPANET?

I've heard that the first time a message was sent through it was "lo" since the SDS 940 crashed before the full message of "login" was able to be sent through. However, I have been ...
jay's user avatar
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16 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why was the percent sign chosen as escape character for URLs?

URIs use percent encoding to represent characters which would otherwise be reserved (like the forward slash - %2F), not always displayable or recognizable (Unicode characters, e.g. non-Latin letters) ...
Glorfindel's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
459 views

What was the first satellite data link that can properly be called an internet connection?

Scott Manley, in his second video about communication satellites, focusing on the 1963 Telstar 1, mentioned at 10:22: (Telstar 1) could be used for telephones it could carry multiple circuits, it ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 2,348
-3 votes
2 answers
473 views

How were images uploaded in online service providers?

Before the first image was uploaded on the World Wide Web in 1992, it was possible for people to upload images on the internet before the World Wide Web, users uploaded images on online service ...
Maya Anglieo's user avatar
3 votes
7 answers
3k views

Why did they switch from phone numbers to IP addresses? [closed]

Before IPv4 addresses there were phone numbers. Why did they switch to IPv4 addresses to address devices in the internet? I thought one reason is you need addresses in the local LAN. But I could even ...
javanerd's user avatar
  • 401
-3 votes
1 answer
385 views

Why was there never added C/C++ (native) support to HTML web pages? [closed]

I wonder why they never added an interface to run native code (for example assembly/C/C++/Rust...) to HTML web pages? Because without it CPU intense games will never run in the browser. Some people ...
javanerd's user avatar
  • 401
20 votes
3 answers
766 views

Was QotD (and RFCs 862-867) actually insecure?

I am fascinated by these 6 obsolete internet protocols, all written up as seperate RFCs by Jon Postel in May 1983. They are hilariously simple. (Which I mean as a compliment; their simplicity inspires ...
John Skiles Skinner's user avatar
26 votes
3 answers
7k views

When did HTTP start compressing text?

HTML tends to compress well, typically consisting of text interspersed with repetitive tags. Transparently compressing it for download is a fairly obvious optimization to save bandwidth. When did Web ...
rwallace's user avatar
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18 votes
7 answers
5k views

What led to the fall of shell accounts?

In the early days of the internet, shell accounts were commonly used for Internet access. After the early 2000's, it seems like shell accounts all but disappeared, and after searching, I can't really ...
Saustin's user avatar
  • 282
21 votes
3 answers
7k views

Detect ancient web browser server-side to present appropriate HTML?

I am a web developer currently writing my own site (fullstack). There are methods for identifying the browsers users use to interact with the site. I would like to prepare the server to offer a cut-...
Borg Drone's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
441 views

How the first ARPANET connection was established?

I would like to know how the first "Lo 'message in the ARPANET network was sent. As far as I know - the so-called mainframes were connected through Interface Message Processors (IMPs, known today ...
Riczuu 73's user avatar
  • 143
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

Was ARPANET connecting mainframes or terminals?

I would like to understand the stories of the internet, but each source says something completely different. I know that ARPANET was going to connect computers at different universities with each ...
Riczuu 73's user avatar
  • 143
4 votes
1 answer
488 views

How can I connect the Psion 5mx email client to a secure email provider?

My Psion 5mx is connected to the Internet via the built in TCP stack, and serial cable to a raspberry pi running a PPP server. The Psion message suite has an email client which will connect via POP3 ...
Mark Williams's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
294 views

How do I change the MAC address of a iMac G3?

I want to connect an iMac G3 running Mac OS 8.6 to my Ethernet network. The easiest way for me to do this is to change the iMac's MAC address. Is it possible to change the MAC address and, if so, how ...
andypea's user avatar
  • 131
19 votes
2 answers
6k views

Why does the default base64 encoding use forward slash /? [closed]

As anyone who has been bitten by using base64 instead of base64url is quite well aware, the "original" base64 alphabet uses alphanumeric, +, = (both perfectly cromulent URL characters), and ...
DeusXMachina's user avatar
17 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why was Wireplay "faster and more reliable" than dial-up Internet, since they both used the same hardware?

In 1997, there was this service called Wireplay in the UK. Instead of using the Internet, you used it by directly phoning their servers with your modem from your PC, and the point of this was that it ...
Rosero's user avatar
  • 171
16 votes
1 answer
2k views

l-------l.com, a weird web page from 2000

I remember a mysterious web page from 2000 with the domain name l-------l.com. This domain name goes against RFC 5891 but it was valid back in the day. It's pretty hard to search for this. Most search ...
Daniel Darabos's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
381 views

Why doesn't `https://tls-v1-0.badssl.com:1010/` open in Internet Explorer 6, when Internet Explorer 6 supposedly supports TLS 1.0?

Internet Explorer 6 supports TLS 1.0. However, for some reason that escapes me, https://tls-v1-0.badssl.com:1010/ (which is supposed to test whether a browser supports TLS v1.0) fails to open in ...
FlatAssembler's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
740 views

Where did the # (hash, number sign) notation for hexadecimal RGB colour triples originate?

The hexadecimal notation #RRGGBB for RGB colour triples has been popularised by HTML and is commonly associated with it, even though nowadays it is not usually used in HTML directly, but rather ...
user3840170's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
2k views

What did Prodigy use for pre-web GUI client?

Prodigy was a big early Internet service provider, and of course by the late nineties, the most popular Internet protocol was the web; most users spent most of their Internet time in a web browser. ...
Schezuk's user avatar
  • 3,762
38 votes
3 answers
7k views

What did AOL use for pre-web GUI client?

AOL was a big early Internet service provider, and of course by the late nineties, the most popular Internet protocol was the web; most users spent most of their Internet time in a web browser. But if ...
rwallace's user avatar
  • 60.3k
5 votes
1 answer
4k views

When did AOL start offering Internet email?

AOL, one of the most successful early Internet service providers, started life in 1983 as a company called Control Video Corporation selling downloadable games for the Atari 2600; this became Quantum ...
rwallace's user avatar
  • 60.3k
3 votes
3 answers
537 views

What was the most common method of internet access for small offices in 1990s in USA?

In mid-1990s, dial-up access was already common, but its speeds were still low (like 14-28 kbps, 56 kbps only in the late 1990s), and I don't know if there were any popular solutions to share dial-up ...
Alexander's user avatar
  • 139
4 votes
2 answers
778 views

Would it be possible to run Discord on Macintosh System 7?

I'm toying with the idea of using System 7 as my daily work station at home, most probably via Basilisk II running on some Linux flavour, but possibly on an actual Performa 5200. One piece of modern ...
hexamon's user avatar
  • 315
10 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is it still possible to access a BBS via dial up internet on the C64 (or other retro computers)

I was wondering if it is still possible to access any online BBS using dial up and an 80's era computer. I'm aware that some dial up internet providers still exist (eg Nippy Internet in the UK), but ...
gamer's user avatar
  • 103
44 votes
3 answers
9k views

How can I visit HTTPS websites in old web browsers?

I'm having trouble accessing HTTPS websites using Netscape Communicator 4.8. This is the error message I get: Is there a way I can configure some sort of proxy that will allow me to access HTTPS ...
Jaap Joris Vens's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
177 views

Internet services that are still compatible with devices (phones/pdas from 2000-2007) [closed]

Though I can identify some technologies like following, I would like to know which ones will surely fail and which ones are worth to test on my old Palm, Symbian, WindowsCE,... Web Issues with ...
Daniel Perez's user avatar
22 votes
6 answers
6k views

When IPv6 was designed were there any specific considerations for other planets?

Seeing Moon base internet functionality in Worldbuilding reminded me of how I began an old Space SE question Are there discussions or plans for extending the internet into space beyond Earth? Many ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 2,348
7 votes
2 answers
626 views

What is the easiest way to get an Amiga online?

I'm working on my ultimate CDTV setup, few hiccups along the way with CDROM access on TF536, but we will cross this bridge. As of right now I'm only missing and internet access, before I can finally ...
Bartek Malysz's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Questions about Security over Using an Ancient Mac Computer on The Internet

I've managed to get my hands on a really old mac computer that was probably built in the late 90's. The operating system was last updated in 2001 to 10.1.4. The problem is that I'm not sure if it's ...
Wolf Zwiener's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
346 views

How did Linux servers become the defacto web server? [closed]

Now I understand that Microsoft has a competing technology in the web server field with the Internet Information Services, so not every last web server is done with Linux, but how did Linux web ...
Neil Meyer's user avatar
  • 6,183
6 votes
1 answer
252 views

First implementation of a visual cue for visited hyperlinks?

Who first proposed using a visual cue (of any kind) for hyperlinks the user has already visited? If the individual is not known, what hypertext viewer first offered this feature? My guess would be ...
Jim Nelson's user avatar
  • 3,773
31 votes
4 answers
5k views

How can I construct a dial-up network in my home, purely for the kicks?

All the technology in my house is modern, but I want to build a dialup network that I can use to produce sounds from Bell 101/103 (if I can find the proper softmodem) to V.92bis. I honestly don't know ...
jediKatana's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Using “vintage proxy” with dial up simulator

I am in the process of building a dial up simulator involving a 1990s era desktop and laptop. The desktop, which is connected to Ethernet, acts as the dial-up server and the laptop computer dials in ...
user18789's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
338 views

Webservers: When did www.domain.net/dir/file.html first not point to $WWWROOT/dir/file.html but to something virtualized?

If I'm not mistaken, the first webserver simply served all files and directories in a certain local directory (WWWROOT) in the identical hierarchy at a certain domain. This is in line how e.g. an FTP ...
Jann Poppinga's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
782 views

Problem accessing Internet from old phones/PDAs (HTTPS, SSL, certificates, compatible services,....) [closed]

How to connect 18-12 years non supported OSes/devices to Internet? Specifically PDAs and phones, that are more limited to use additional components/accesories? (*) Answer related to computers can be ...
Daniel Perez's user avatar
39 votes
4 answers
4k views

What was the design rationale behind multi-port and multiple connections (and back-connections) designs of the early protocols like NFS or FTP?

Originally, the FTP protocol connected back from the server to a client to actually transfer files through that new connections. 14 years later after the introduction of the FTP, the 'passive mode' ...
lvd's user avatar
  • 10.4k
46 votes
1 answer
8k views

What warning was given on attempting to post to USENET, circa 1990?

I recall a confirmation/warning message that read something like "this will post to thousands of sites... are you sure?" What was a typical such message in the days of pay-per-minute dialup access?
Whit3rd's user avatar
  • 2,180
3 votes
1 answer
245 views

Networking WfW 3.11 between modern ethernet and 56k internal modem card

Is there any way i could use either of those networking cards and use them on a modern ethernet system? We have aDSL where i live. If i couldnt connect it to my home network, is there any way i could ...
mwhite22's user avatar
12 votes
6 answers
1k views

When connecting to the Internet via Dial-Up, were computers directly accessible via their allocated IP address?

From carrying out some brief research, it appears that as is the case today, when using Dial-Up to access the Internet customers were often allocated a dynamic IP address by their ISP. Typically, when ...
elliott94's user avatar
  • 537
2 votes
3 answers
601 views

How were customers typically charged when purchasing Dial-Up Internet services from an ISP? [closed]

This is a follow-up from my previous question - When connecting to the Internet via Dial-Up, why did ISPs require a username/password to authenticate the session?. In the above question, we ...
elliott94's user avatar
  • 537
25 votes
3 answers
4k views

When connecting to the Internet via Dial-Up, why did ISPs require a username/password to authenticate the session?

It's been many years now, but when I used to connect to the Internet via Dial-Up back in the day I noticed at the time that as well as entering the phone number for my Dial-Up provider, a username/...
elliott94's user avatar
  • 537
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to configure NETWORK and TCP on a DOS VM

I'm trying to install and use the Arachne broswer under DOS (6.22). I've DOS installed on VirtualBox VM (5.2.34) under Linux Ubuntu (4.15.0-88-generic #88-Ubuntu). I'm in trouble in configuring ...
Sir Jo Black's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

What were some of the earliest common webservers and how did they work? [closed]

And by Web server I mean actually web server (not BBS), meaning it had to run on the actual IP internet and be browsed with a dedicated browser program. So what kind of tools were used in the late 80s/...
user2741831's user avatar
21 votes
9 answers
7k views

Why weren't audio decoders used to create a makeshift internet in the 70 and 80s?

I know ARPANET wasn't available to the public until the '90s, but why didn't people just build modems (which most phone companies already had anyway), connect their phone's phone connector to it, dial ...
user2741831's user avatar
21 votes
3 answers
3k views

How did 36-bit computers format ARPANET packets?

The contract to develop ARPANET, the first version of the Internet, was awarded in 1969; usage of the system expanded exponentially through the seventies. The size and format of ARPANET packets were ...
rwallace's user avatar
  • 60.3k
14 votes
1 answer
531 views

What is the "Data Language" paper referenced in RFC 309?

RFC 309 is an announcement of the 1972 Data and File Transfer Workshop announcement. The suggested reading section has 12 entries, 11 of which are RFCs and the last of which is: 8. Data ...
wizzwizz4's user avatar
  • 18.5k