Questions tagged [internet]

Connecting retro systems to the Internet, and historical aspects of the Internet: software, hardware, protocols. DO NOT USE WHEN MERELY ASKING ABOUT HISTORICAL RESOURCES ON THE INTERNET OF TODAY.

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How can I connect the Psion 5mx email client to a secure email provider?

My Psion 5mx is connected to the Internet via the built in TCP stack, and serial cable to a raspberry pi running a PPP server. The Psion message suite has an email client which will connect via POP3 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
250 views

How do I change the MAC address of a iMac G3?

I want to connect an iMac G3 running Mac OS 8.6 to my Ethernet network. The easiest way for me to do this is to change the iMac's MAC address. Is it possible to change the MAC address and, if so, how ...
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15 votes
2 answers
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Why does the default base64 encoding use forward slash /? [closed]

As anyone who has been bitten by using base64 instead of base64url is quite well aware, the "original" base64 alphabet uses alphanumeric, +, = (both perfectly cromulent URL characters), and ...
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11 votes
2 answers
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Why was Wireplay "faster and more reliable" than dial-up Internet would have been with the same hardware/infrastructure?

In 1997, there was this service called Wireplay in the UK. Instead of using the Internet, you used it by directly phoning their servers with your modem from your PC, and the point of this was that it ...
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14 votes
1 answer
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l-------l.com, a weird web page from 2000

I remember a mysterious web page from 2000 with the domain name l-------l.com. This domain name goes against RFC 5891 but it was valid back in the day. It's pretty hard to search for this. Most search ...
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3 votes
1 answer
242 views

Why doesn't `https://tls-v1-0.badssl.com:1010/` open in Internet Explorer 6, when Internet Explorer 6 supposedly supports TLS 1.0?

Internet Explorer 6 supports TLS 1.0. However, for some reason that escapes me, https://tls-v1-0.badssl.com:1010/ (which is supposed to test whether a browser supports TLS v1.0) fails to open in ...
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13 votes
1 answer
571 views

Where did the # notation for hexadecimal RGB colour triples originate?

The hexadecimal notation #RRGGBB for RGB colour triples has been popularised by HTML and is commonly associated with it, even though nowadays it is not usually used in HTML directly, but rather ...
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12 votes
1 answer
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What did Prodigy use for pre-web GUI client?

Prodigy was a big early Internet service provider, and of course by the late nineties, the most popular Internet protocol was the web; most users spent most of their Internet time in a web browser. ...
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  • 2,438
37 votes
3 answers
6k views

What did AOL use for pre-web GUI client?

AOL was a big early Internet service provider, and of course by the late nineties, the most popular Internet protocol was the web; most users spent most of their Internet time in a web browser. But if ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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When did AOL start offering Internet email?

AOL, one of the most successful early Internet service providers, started life in 1983 as a company called Control Video Corporation selling downloadable games for the Atari 2600; this became Quantum ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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What was the most common method of internet access for small offices in 1990s in USA?

In mid-1990s, dial-up access was already common, but its speeds were still low (like 14-28 kbps, 56 kbps only in the late 1990s), and I don't know if there were any popular solutions to share dial-up ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Would it be possible to run Discord on Macintosh System 7?

I'm toying with the idea of using System 7 as my daily work station at home, most probably via Basilisk II running on some Linux flavour, but possibly on an actual Performa 5200. One piece of modern ...
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  • 295
9 votes
3 answers
838 views

Is it still possible to access a BBS via dial up internet on the C64 (or other retro computers)

I was wondering if it is still possible to access any online BBS using dial up and an 80's era computer. I'm aware that some dial up internet providers still exist (eg Nippy Internet in the UK), but ...
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43 votes
3 answers
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How can I visit HTTPS websites in old web browsers?

I'm having trouble accessing HTTPS websites using Netscape Communicator 4.8. This is the error message I get: Is there a way I can configure some sort of proxy that will allow me to access HTTPS ...
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1 vote
0 answers
165 views

Internet services that are still compatible with devices (phones/pdas from 2000-2007) [closed]

Though I can identify some technologies like following, I would like to know which ones will surely fail and which ones are worth to test on my old Palm, Symbian, WindowsCE,... Web Issues with ...
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21 votes
5 answers
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When IPv6 was designed were there any specific considerations for other planets?

Seeing Moon base internet functionality in Worldbuilding reminded me of how I began an old Space SE question Are there discussions or plans for extending the internet into space beyond Earth? Many ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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What is the easiest way to get an Amiga online?

I'm working on my ultimate CDTV setup, few hiccups along the way with CDROM access on TF536, but we will cross this bridge. As of right now I'm only missing and internet access, before I can finally ...
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7 votes
1 answer
1k views

Questions about Security over Using an Ancient Mac Computer on The Internet

I've managed to get my hands on a really old mac computer that was probably built in the late 90's. The operating system was last updated in 2001 to 10.1.4. The problem is that I'm not sure if it's ...
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2 votes
3 answers
313 views

How did Linux servers become the defacto web server? [closed]

Now I understand that Microsoft has a competing technology in the web server field with the Internet Information Services, so not every last web server is done with Linux, but how did Linux web ...
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6 votes
1 answer
225 views

First implementation of a visual cue for visited hyperlinks?

Who first proposed using a visual cue (of any kind) for hyperlinks the user has already visited? If the individual is not known, what hypertext viewer first offered this feature? My guess would be ...
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  • 2,798
30 votes
4 answers
4k views

How can I construct a dial-up network in my home, purely for the kicks?

All the technology in my house is modern, but I want to build a dialup network that I can use to produce sounds from Bell 101/103 (if I can find the proper softmodem) to V.92bis. I honestly don't know ...
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3 votes
1 answer
711 views

Using “vintage proxy” with dial up simulator

I am in the process of building a dial up simulator involving a 1990s era desktop and laptop. The desktop, which is connected to Ethernet, acts as the dial-up server and the laptop computer dials in ...
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2 votes
3 answers
273 views

Webservers: When did www.domain.net/dir/file.html first not point to $WWWROOT/dir/file.html but to something virtualized?

If I'm not mistaken, the first webserver simply served all files and directories in a certain local directory (WWWROOT) in the identical hierarchy at a certain domain. This is in line how e.g. an FTP ...
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2 votes
2 answers
595 views

Problem accessing Internet from old phones/PDAs (HTTPS, SSL, certificates, compatible services,....) [closed]

How to connect 18-12 years non supported OSes/devices to Internet? Specifically PDAs and phones, that are more limited to use additional components/accesories? (*) Answer related to computers can be ...
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39 votes
4 answers
3k views

What was the design rationale behind multi-port and multiple connections (and back-connections) designs of the early protocols like NFS or FTP?

Originally, the FTP protocol connected back from the server to a client to actually transfer files through that new connections. 14 years later after the introduction of the FTP, the 'passive mode' ...
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43 votes
1 answer
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What warning was given on attempting to post to USENET, circa 1990?

I recall a confirmation/warning message that read something like "this will post to thousands of sites... are you sure?" What was a typical such message in the days of pay-per-minute dialup access?
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  • 2,033
3 votes
1 answer
198 views

Networking WfW 3.11 between modern ethernet and 56k internal modem card

Is there any way i could use either of those networking cards and use them on a modern ethernet system? We have aDSL where i live. If i couldnt connect it to my home network, is there any way i could ...
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12 votes
6 answers
1k views

When connecting to the Internet via Dial-Up, were computers directly accessible via their allocated IP address?

From carrying out some brief research, it appears that as is the case today, when using Dial-Up to access the Internet customers were often allocated a dynamic IP address by their ISP. Typically, when ...
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  • 527
1 vote
3 answers
199 views

How were customers typically charged when purchasing Dial-Up Internet services from an ISP? [closed]

This is a follow-up from my previous question - When connecting to the Internet via Dial-Up, why did ISPs require a username/password to authenticate the session?. In the above question, we ...
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  • 527
25 votes
3 answers
4k views

When connecting to the Internet via Dial-Up, why did ISPs require a username/password to authenticate the session?

It's been many years now, but when I used to connect to the Internet via Dial-Up back in the day I noticed at the time that as well as entering the phone number for my Dial-Up provider, a username/...
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  • 527
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to configure NETWORK and TCP on a DOS VM

I'm trying to install and use the Arachne broswer under DOS (6.22). I've DOS installed on VirtualBox VM (5.2.34) under Linux Ubuntu (4.15.0-88-generic #88-Ubuntu). I'm in trouble in configuring ...
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4 votes
3 answers
1k views

What were some of the earliest common webservers and how did they work? [closed]

And by Web server I mean actually web server (not BBS), meaning it had to run on the actual IP internet and be browsed with a dedicated browser program. So what kind of tools were used in the late 80s/...
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20 votes
9 answers
7k views

Why weren't audio decoders used to create a makeshift internet in the 70 and 80s?

I know ARPANET wasn't available to the public until the '90s, but why didn't people just build modems (which most phone companies already had anyway), connect their phone's phone connector to it, dial ...
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21 votes
3 answers
3k views

How did 36-bit computers format ARPANET packets?

The contract to develop ARPANET, the first version of the Internet, was awarded in 1969; usage of the system expanded exponentially through the seventies. The size and format of ARPANET packets were ...
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14 votes
1 answer
519 views

What is the "Data Language" paper referenced in RFC 309?

RFC 309 is an announcement of the 1972 Data and File Transfer Workshop announcement. The suggested reading section has 12 entries, 11 of which are RFCs and the last of which is: 8. Data ...
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3 votes
1 answer
248 views

Could somebody remind me how to access the WAP browser on the Nokia N73?

From memory, the Nokia N73 had two web browsers; one WAP browser, and another, fully-functional HTML application. Would somebody be able to remind me what both of these options are labeled as when ...
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  • 527
85 votes
9 answers
19k views

Why did modems have speakers?

Everyone who used early telecommunications services, not to mention the early dial-up Internet services, is familiar with the tones and hissing sounds of a modem establishing a connection. I recall ...
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  • 57.3k
27 votes
4 answers
3k views

Was the Stack Exchange "Happy April Fools" page fitting with the '90's code?

We nostalgia fans were all treated to a nineties-esque page on the various Stack Exchange sites, complete with guest books, obnoxious tiled backgrounds, Comic Sans, etc. However, when I went to view ...
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40 votes
7 answers
40k views

Latest web browser compatible with Windows 95 / 98

Do you know which is the latest web browser compatible with Windows 95 / 98? At the moment I have an Opera 10 working fine; it is very lightweight but very outdated. I assume that software that works ...
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5 votes
2 answers
898 views

TCP over RS-232 with Windows 3.1 and Internet Explorer 5 dialer

I am restoring a Windows 3.1 computer that has Internet Explorer 5 installed. I would like to connect it to the internet using a Linux-based laptop as an intermediary. The physical connection is ...
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  • 151
1 vote
3 answers
359 views

Connecting multiple computers through dialup

I have several IBM ThinkPads with an RJ-11 port that can be used for dialup internet connections. Currently I have one ThinkPad connected to a dialup modem, that connects to the internet through a ...
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  • 113
19 votes
2 answers
4k views

When TCP was first invented, was the initial sequence number required to be random?

In current time, when a TCP connection is initiated, the initial sequence number is required to be random. But I am wondering, when TCP was first invented, was the initial sequence number required to ...
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  • 191
19 votes
9 answers
7k views

What was the equivalent of "America Online" (AOL) outside America?

The rise in popularity of home PCs with modems in the U.S. coincided with the rise of America Online. Of course, many of us in America were online for years before this - using Compuserve, GEnie, and ...
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2 votes
1 answer
225 views

What information exists about WD-xsl?

Whilst working on a personal project, I discovered the existence of an old version of the XSLT specification, identified by the namespace http://www.w3.org/TR/WD-xsl instead of the modern https://www....
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3 votes
1 answer
574 views

Contiki on Apple IIe without Uthernet card

Can I run Contiki on my Apple IIe without an Uthernet card? For example, I was thinking that I could run my Raspberry Pi to emulate a network card through the serial port as a null modem. Any ...
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75 votes
7 answers
9k views

What technological factors drove the rise of "high-speed" modems in the early 1990s?

The first inexpensive modem I ever purchased was a 300 baud direct-connect unit for the C64 User Port in late 1983. I recall that a couple of years later (1986), 1200 baud modems were affordable and I ...
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9 votes
4 answers
4k views

When was internet access first available to public in USA?

I was reading this Wikipedia article that says that the U.S. Government formed the "Internet Engineering Task Force" (IETF) in 1986. This seems to imply that at least the term "internet" was in use ...
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  • 357
9 votes
3 answers
257 views

Format of "Pound" domains in RFC 821

This is a bit of an archaeological question, but RFC 821, page 31, paragraph 3 describes a syntax for mailbox addresses that is of the form local_path@#123, where the pound and the following number is ...
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  • 191
13 votes
1 answer
831 views

How did WebTV (MSN TV) work

Wikipedia says: The WebTV product was an adapter that allowed a television set to be connected to the Internet, primarily for web browsing and e-mail. The setup included a web browser, a corded or ...
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  • 133
12 votes
1 answer
768 views

What was the first dedicated core router?

From 1969 up through the early 80s, the Internet used general-purpose Honeywell minicomputers for its core routers. At some point after that, purpose-built machines started being used. What was the ...
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