Questions tagged [network]

Regarding retrocomputing networks, connections and protocols.

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Which computer system defined the IPv4 576 byte datagram limit?

The IPv4 specification requires that IPv4 devices must be able to reassemble a datagram with a length of a minimum of 576 bytes. Looking back into the creation of the Internet... RFC 791 in defining ...
user22965's user avatar
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32 votes
3 answers
4k views

What was the technical reason behind the octal digits used for CompuServe User IDs?

On CompuServe in the 1990's, my ID was "73313, 3443". I still remember it today because it was (seemed) way more important to me than any phone numbers I ever memorized. According to Wikipedia: ...
Brian H's user avatar
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26 votes
6 answers
7k views

What did corporations use for long-distance networks in the 1980s?

Although ARPANET was invented in 1969, the Internet as publicly available infrastructure didn't really become available until 1989. But people were certainly using computers as communication tools in ...
rwallace's user avatar
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26 votes
3 answers
3k views

How and what did it mean to connect to ARPANET from home?

In the iWoz biography, I read: Now, TV terminals I already knew a little about. […] I'd already built a terminal that could access the ARPANET, the government-owned network of computers that was the ...
natevw's user avatar
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23 votes
6 answers
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Does the "Amiga Client for Novell NetWare" exist?

On page 139 of Brian Bagnall's book "Commodore: The Final Years", there is the statement that at CeBIT Hannover in March 1989, Commodore announced (amongst other things) "Novell Netware for Amiga". I ...
Richard Downer's user avatar
21 votes
5 answers
6k views

Was 10BASE5 a mistake?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/10BASE5 gives a succint but vivid description of the physical layer of the first version of Ethernet and its subsequent replacement: 10BASE5 (also known as thick ...
rwallace's user avatar
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21 votes
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Did Xerox really develop the first LAN?

Did the computer scientist at Xerox really develop the first LAN, but had no backing from the company to further develop these technologies, later showing this to both Steve Jobs and Bill Gates? Just ...
Neil Meyer's user avatar
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20 votes
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When TCP was first invented, was the initial sequence number required to be random?

In current time, when a TCP connection is initiated, the initial sequence number is required to be random. But I am wondering, when TCP was first invented, was the initial sequence number required to ...
user11455's user avatar
  • 201
17 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why was Wireplay "faster and more reliable" than dial-up Internet, since they both used the same hardware?

In 1997, there was this service called Wireplay in the UK. Instead of using the Internet, you used it by directly phoning their servers with your modem from your PC, and the point of this was that it ...
Rosero's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
2k views

When was network byte order decided?

TCP/IP has some binary header fields which are affected by byte order, so defines 'network byte order' to settle the issue, specifically defines it as big-endian. When was this decided? The earliest ...
rwallace's user avatar
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14 votes
10 answers
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Which microcomputer manufacturers developed their own Local Area Network systems? [closed]

With the advent of microcomputers, there was a large number of manufacturers entering the home computer market. The ability to network these computers together wouldn't be very useful (or affordable) ...
Kaz's user avatar
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14 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why has Novell never written its own boot loader?

I've never used NetWare 5.x 6.x but if I remember correctly versions 3 and 4 required you to boot to DOS partition and then load NetWare server files from it. I could never understand the logic behind ...
user2246051's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
2k views

Does 10BASE-T need more sophisticated electronics than 10BASE5/10BASE2?

In a discussion on the history of Ethernet and 10BASE5, Stefan Skoglund commented Was 10BASE5 a mistake? One reason why 10BaseT became possible is Moores law (and the same for the other designs after ...
rwallace's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
414 views

How can I communicate with a Nintendo DS using the Download Play protocol?

Would it be possible to use a Nintendo DS's Download Play feature over the Internet? I don't have a ton of understanding of how the protocol works, but so far I'm pretty sure it uses a network of ...
Blue Herring's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
754 views

Is there any public documentation of the LapLink protocol?

Is the protocol used by the DOS Laplink software publicly documented? I seem to remember there were Linux tools that could use it. I cannot find anything useful on their website.
Tomas By's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
269 views

Format of "Pound" domains in RFC 821

This is a bit of an archaeological question, but RFC 821, page 31, paragraph 3 describes a syntax for mailbox addresses that is of the form local_path@#123, where the pound and the following number is ...
Huckle's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
617 views

Was there an equivalent to TELNET in the IPX/SPX protocol suite?

It seems logically like there would be, but I can't find much information. I found an IBM AS/400 manual from 1997, OS/400 Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) Support V4R1, which briefly mentions using ...
Simon Kissane's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
3k views

Connect Ethernet via Parallel or Serial in old laptop

Is it possible to connect an old 386 machine to network (ethernet)? It has only parallel and serial ports. I'm not expecting much, just planning to use it as a remote terminal. The machine in question ...
Bartek Malysz's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

In Windows 3.11, did a unusual subnet mask actually work?

AFAIK, in Windows 3.11 it was possible to enter all kind of subnet masks, e.g. 255.255.255.1. Nowadays, the bits of the mask have to be consecutive. However, I could imagine that such a unusual subnet ...
Thomas Weller's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
413 views

Do all Econet devices need the same clock speed?

Econet was a network used by the BBC Micro, conceptually similar to Ethernet, two orders of magnitude slower and correspondingly cheaper. According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Econet it ...
rwallace's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
480 views

Is there something akin to PLATO still available?

From what I've read of PLATO it seems like it was a pretty powerful system, with some features that in retrospect seem way ahead of it's time, especially when compared to BBS which seemed to be far ...
Matt Lacey's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
763 views

What systems actually used the ACCT command in FTP?

FTP has a USER command for sending the user name and a PASS command for sending the password. It also has an ACCT command, as RFC 959 page 26 explains: ACCOUNT (ACCT) The argument field is a ...
Simon Kissane's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
524 views

What are some early network file systems?

I know it's always hard to define an exact first, so I'll just ask about early network file systems. To be more specific, I'm wondering about file systems that transparently present directories and ...
Lars Brinkhoff's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
609 views

Was X.25 solely about the connection from the DTE to DCE link?

So I'm having a good bit of trouble understanding this protocol. Many resources seem to compare it to modern networking protocols in some way, while others, including the specification, seem to refer ...
an earwig's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Network card that came bundled with a space war game

In the 90s, before everything was networked, you had to buy a Network Interface Card as an expansion card for your PC. One brand came with a bundled game where you piloted a space ship and fought ...
thrutch's user avatar
  • 73
7 votes
0 answers
326 views

Origin of Cisco-like CLI?

Loads and wagons of networking devices all over the world use the same manner for commandline interface (CLI). First I met it in 1990s at Cisco devices (switches, routers...) which used Cisco IOS. It ...
Netch's user avatar
  • 530
6 votes
4 answers
2k views

What was the first Ethernet hub?

An Ethernet hub is – well, Wikipedia does an impeccable job of summarizing what it is: An Ethernet hub, active hub, network hub, repeater hub, multiport repeater, or simply hub is a network hardware ...
rwallace's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

How can SPI be used with a Z80 CPU to control an RFM95 LoRa module?

I’m trying to communicate with my Z80 computer (RC2014) using a wireless radio. The easy way to do this is to use something like an ESP8266 (and there’s even an RC2014 module for this), but where’s ...
Nick Bolton's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
953 views

Did this analogue computer from 1960 really have Internet?

If you zoom in this image, to the leftmost, white "cell" in the middle "row" of the machine, it says, in the bottom, "INT NET": https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/PACE-TR-...
Josian's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
363 views

DECNet physical connector

DECNet was a network system for DEC computers, introduced in the mid to late seventies. What physical connector did it use? Was it possible to connect to such a network using just an RS-232 serial ...
rwallace's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
283 views

Documents about timesharing systems, access and resource control and its financials

I delved a bit into the origins of (commercial) timesharing and it seems there have been very interesting computing hardware and software (architectures) which have become relatively unknown but may ...
2080's user avatar
  • 161
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

DOS networking (Ethernet)

Would like to use a Linksys "Etherfast PCMPC100" PCMCIA network card under DOS 5.0, for file transfer. Am planning to use the "XFS" package to share directories with Linux. Have found an archive file ...
Tomas By's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
716 views

How should I set CCGMS on my Commodore 64 to login to a Linux machine?

I have a Strikelink WiFi modem for the C64 (see here and here) and I can connect to a BBS without issues using CCGMS 2017 v4 and the following settings: Baud = 9600 Modem Type = UP9600 / EZ232 For ...
Pitto's user avatar
  • 243
6 votes
2 answers
158 views

IBM RS/6000 Token Ring ISA card fails configuration

The system at hand is a RS/6000 7248-100, running AIX 4.3.3. My quest is to get a Token Ring ISA card to work. The card is a 2971 as called for by the docs. SMS is happy with the card. I've set the ...
Michael B. Ortiz's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
489 views

Running WarpCopy64 on an emulator

I'm interested in IP networking capabilities of the Commodore 64. I learned there is a tool called WarpCopy64 that can be used to run a simple file server on the Commodore. The server can be accessed ...
cyberixae's user avatar
  • 191
5 votes
1 answer
703 views

Novell and DOS instant messaging

Long ago, there was a TSR that would allow instant messages to be sent and received between DOS based computers using a Novell network. I think it was called Noteworks. It had a little airplane that ...
pithhelmet's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
839 views

How to SSH from Amiga to remote Linux host

With a new purchase coming in shortly I wanted to ask what do I need to be able to SSH to a remote host from an Amiga: Make modem work and connect to my network: https://www.ebay.com/itm/KCWIFI-PRO-...
Bartek Malysz's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
3k views

How did Microsoft take over Winsocks (Windows Sockets)?

In the early days of the Internet, Windows users had to install an application called "Trumpet Winsock" in order to use Internet apps like e-mail, FTP, WWW, etc. There were competitors, but Trumpet ...
Brian H's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
394 views

How to set up a payphone phone network central office

I would like to setup a network of payphones inside my college as part of a retro phone systems / artistic interactive exhibit. I would like to be able to use the payphones to make calls inside the ...
j0h's user avatar
  • 183
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Windows 98 SE PC refusing to network using NIC/modems

The problem is basically as the title stated. I have a Compaq Presario PC from the late 90s running Windows 98 Second Edition. It was handed down so I'm not exactly sure what it went through in its ...
InterLinked's user avatar
4 votes
8 answers
882 views

Did people back then build powerful computers out of multiple smaller machines?

Did people back then build powerful computers out of multiple smaller machines ? Build powerful computers out of >1 smaller machines Time range - approximately 76-82 (I accept exceptions, ...
computerscomputers's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
125 views

IBM RS/6000 Token Ring ISA card not operational

After solving a configuration challenge, the ISA Token Ring adapter in my RS/6000 is still not connected to the ring. Extract from errpt -a: LABEL: NONE IDENTIFIER: 0118D2D0 Date/Time: ...
Michael B. Ortiz's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
481 views

Have TCP connections ever been exclusive per port?

I came across an old service which listens on a range of TCP ports. Client connections are handled with this scheme: Client connects to the first port Server answers with a port number and closes the ...
Hermann's user avatar
  • 141
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

AppleTalk adapters to bridge LocalTalk to Ethernet?

What AppleTalk adapters can bridge LocalTalk to Ethernet? There are some adapter that allow LocalTalk printers to show up on ethernet, but I want to allow computers to talk. My IIgs has LocalTalk but ...
Michael Shopsin's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to configure NETWORK and TCP on a DOS VM

I'm trying to install and use the Arachne broswer under DOS (6.22). I've DOS installed on VirtualBox VM (5.2.34) under Linux Ubuntu (4.15.0-88-generic #88-Ubuntu). I'm in trouble in configuring ...
Sir Jo Black's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
245 views

Networking WfW 3.11 between modern ethernet and 56k internal modem card

Is there any way i could use either of those networking cards and use them on a modern ethernet system? We have aDSL where i live. If i couldnt connect it to my home network, is there any way i could ...
mwhite22's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
195 views

Windows/lanman shares ending with $ are invisible - where did this come from?

(Inspired by a comment in an answer about CLOCK$ which says: the 'symbols with a dollar sign are reserved to us' was also a DEC convention, certainly on RSX-11M systems) In Windows, network shares ...
Jonathan's user avatar
  • 703
2 votes
3 answers
378 views

did people already connect computer with other computers (like a LAN/Intranet) before ARPANET/NPL that sparked the Internet? [closed]

As far as I understand ARPANET and NPL shared the goal to make data transmission scalable and reliable over large distances between many computers/networks. Of course to make the internet today, ...
cozycoder's user avatar
  • 131
2 votes
2 answers
782 views

Problem accessing Internet from old phones/PDAs (HTTPS, SSL, certificates, compatible services,....) [closed]

How to connect 18-12 years non supported OSes/devices to Internet? Specifically PDAs and phones, that are more limited to use additional components/accesories? (*) Answer related to computers can be ...
Daniel Perez's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
150 views

How to connect remote Windows XP PCs to one VPN using linux VPS in 2021 [closed]

I want to connect 2 (or more) Windows XP computers from different networks to a mutual virtual network. Also I have a VPS with a modern linux distribution with a public IP. I want to install some VPN ...
Ivan's user avatar
  • 31