Questions tagged [relay-computer]

Questions about computers that use electromagnetic relays as logic elements. Do not use for relays that merely switch an output (such as a cassette motor).

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34
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8answers
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Why were relays prevalent in early 1940s computers when vacuum tubes were also available?

Many of of the computers built in the 1940s used relays for logic (see here and here): Bell Labs Model I, 1940 Bletchley Park Bombe, 1940 Zuse Z2, 1940 Zuse Z3, 1941 Bell Labs Model II, 1943 Bell ...
17
votes
5answers
794 views

Did any computers use automatically-operated mechanical storage as electronically-read-addressable memory

From what I understand of ENIAC, it had a very large number of manually-operated rotary switches which behaved as ROM. While programming ENIAC in the early days required a plugboard, the machine was ...
7
votes
4answers
640 views

Have there been any studies comparing the reliability of relay versus vacuum tube computers?

Computers of the first half of the 20th century generally used relays or vacuum tubes as their logic elements. Each of these components has there own methods of failure, but relays and tubes have a ...