Questions tagged [rom]

For questions about Read Only Memory.

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4
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0answers
205 views

Did any SNES games use the fast ROM?

According to the transcript at https://fabiensanglard.net/another_world_polygons_SNES/ ... I could get the software running again to run at about 30 frames per second if of course I'm using a fast ...
9
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1answer
980 views

How can a Game Boy game “glitch-inherit” the music from a different game like this?

Just now, I saw a stream of a person playing Game Boy games. The technical setup is like this: Real American SNES. Real Super Game Boy 2. (Only released in Japan; fixes the speed bug in the Super ...
9
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3answers
2k views

Algorithm for Apple IIe and Apple IIgs boot/start beep

What is algorithms use for boot/start sound (when turn on computer) in Apple IIe and Apple IIgs? I can't find information about Apple boot sound algorithms or where in computer ROM store either ...
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0answers
47 views

How to burn CDTV extended ROM image to eeproms

I have a patched version of CDTV extended rom, which I need to burn to 2 chips. I have 2 ST M27C1000 with pin swap adapter (pins 2 & 24 - M27C1001), TL866 mini pro programmer, hex editor and I was ...
0
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1answer
70 views

How to flash CDTV extended ROM using development board

I have a CDTV ROM development board, and I know it is possible to flash it using floppies. How to make such floppy with a custom rom?
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85 views

advice for retrieving functions and tables from intel 8061/8065 bin file (reverse engineering) from Ford EECV ECU

I have under my disposal some Ford EECV bin files and my goal for the next few weeks is to retrieve the functions and tables and plot them out before going onto DIY hardware . . Does anyone know which ...
2
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1answer
225 views

How likely is it that a ROM could be “corrupted” resulting in visual artifacts during gameplay? [closed]

I watch a lot of retro game streams. Frequently, whether they are running on a software emulator, hardware emulator (Retron 5 or whatever), or an Everdrive, whenever there is some weird glitch in the ...
-1
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1answer
311 views

Why are there no actual complete and 100% verified/vetted ROM collections still? [closed]

Recently, I've been searching far and wide to collect, in digital form, the exact games that I owned as a child, or had temporarily, or rented/borrowed/played at somebody else's house, or never really ...
3
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2answers
458 views

Every single ROM in my collection has the wrong SHA1 hash according to No-Intros

I have a collection of ROM files for the NES, SNES, Nintendo 64 and others. These ROMs match exactly those games that I own or owned growing up. Recently, I found out about the "No-Intros" ...
-6
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1answer
359 views

Why is Sega Saturn mysteriously missing from No-Intros.org's hash database? [closed]

https://datomatic.no-intro.org/index.php?page=download This website has the worst, most cryptic and broken interface I've ever seen in my life, but eventually, I managed to download a big archive ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What does “ByteSwapped” and “BigEndian” refer to in the context of video game ROMs?

I have found two different sets of Nintendo 64 ROMs with the same games (which, of course, I physically own). One is labeled "ByteSwapped" and the other "BigEndian". What exactly ...
4
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1answer
539 views

How can I get MAME to run modified ROMs whose checksums don't match the originals?

In the aftermath of the question about running the arcade Pac-Man ROM on a Sinclair ZX Spectrum I discovered that about the same time that was done, somebody else did the reverse, porting a classic ...
4
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2answers
241 views

What is the purpose of ROM switcher mods in CDTV

I've seen a lot of information on CDTV ROM switchers, but it is still unclear to me what is the actual purpose of it. As I understand it allows some compatibility with A500 games, but this disables CD ...
3
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1answer
106 views

How was the second bank of Apple IIc ROM accessed?

The original Apple IIc had a 27128 16 KB ROM mapped into the $C100-$FFFF range (the $C000 page was decoded for I/O). According to the Apple IIc Technical Reference Manual the ROMEN1* and ROMEN2* ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Decoding Logic and Memory Systems for 8-bit computer - 64K address space

I am creating a minimal Z80 computer with serial output on a breadboard. I have kind of moved up from the last question, where I was executing instructions on Z80 using specific connection of ...
3
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1answer
204 views

“Genesis Lock-On Technology” to change the language of a Famicom game

I want to create a cartridge similar to Sonic & Knuckles or a Game Genie so that the text files loaded from the ROM or DEPROM of an original Famicom cartridge can be replaced with alternate ...
3
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1answer
219 views

How do you switch ROM banks on Gameboy MBC2 Cart with INLRetro dumper

I have an INLRetro cart dumper. The software for the device is incomplete and in beta form. I've been able to dump Tetris and it works (because it's ROM fits into bank 0). When I attempt to dump ...
9
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1answer
474 views

Can you program an arcade game and have MAME or another emu run it?

I know Mame works with drivers for each game or hardware, and it checks for specific ROMs, and I guess it might check also for some checksum to verify the ROMs integrity. Is there some way you could ...
4
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2answers
479 views

ZX Spectrum: What is the “T” state value, with reference to sound?

I have that awesome book - Zx Spectrum ROM Disassembled (correct the title if I got it wrong), where the author wrote about the audio code in the ROM and referring to "T" state, "... T200... T5000, ...
13
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3answers
1k views

What is the Circuit for a 16K or 32K MSX computer cartridge?

This question is about the old MSX-1 computers. I have a game I wrote, as a ROM file, and I now want to play it on a real MSX computer by putting the game into cartridge form. The game has been ...
6
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1answer
438 views

Can the Nintendo 64 run code directly from ROM?

I've read that the usual way to execute code on the N64 is to use DMA to copy it from ROM into RAM, and then run from RAM. However, it seems that the contents of the ROM are directly visible to the ...
7
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2answers
444 views

Is it safe for C64 cartridges to respond to read and/or write requests on “unmapped” addresses?

According to the C64 wiki, asserting G̅A̅M̅E̅ on the cartridge port (and not asserting E̅X̅R̅O̅M̅) of the C64 leaves three blocks of the C64 address space "unmapped": 28 KB @ $1000 (otherwise RAM), 8 ...
5
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2answers
270 views

Dimensioned drawing of 64-pin SIMM?

I am looking for a dimensioned drawing of a 64-pin SIMM PCB like the ones used in the Macintosh II series for the ROM SIMM. I looked in Guide to the Macintosh Family Hardware and Designing Cards and ...
9
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1answer
297 views

Patch BBC Master ROM using Sideways RAM?

I have a BBC Master 128 with the standard ROM installed. This includes ADFS v1.50 in slot "D". I want to replace this ADFS in ROM with a patched version, loaded from disk, into Sideways RAM. It is a ...
9
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5answers
2k views

C64 cartridge emulation with ATmega

As a personal project I had the idea to create a custom cartridge for my Commodore 64 and use an ATmega 1284p microcontroller to emulate eproms and/or custom chips. Basically my idea is similar to ...
1
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1answer
210 views

Expanded Ram Options for the TRS-80 Model 100 possible into the megabyte range?

I have a trs-80 model 100. I have all the option rams used. I've seen some quite useful ideas from other collectors on the internet for other TRS-80 model computers of using mouser electronic parts to ...
8
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4answers
743 views

Does fast page mode apply to ROM?

Starting with the 4116, RAM chips from the late seventies supported fast page mode, where if you were reading nearby – particularly, successive – words, you didn't need to supply both row and column ...
4
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1answer
755 views

What was the purpose of GROM (vs ROM) in the TI-99/4a?

The TI-99/4a had a cartridge slot on the front of the computer which accepted "solid state cartridges" (as TI called them). These cartridges would typically contain ROM (Read Only Memory) like many ...
4
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1answer
306 views

List of Intel microchips

Where could I find a list of all of the microchips released by Intel, including microprocessors, Rams, roms, storage devices. Etc. I have checked Wikipedia, and they have the processors, but not any ...
22
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6answers
5k views

How do arcade ROMs work

The way I understand it, ROMS are like virtual games, and emulators are like virtual game consoles, or handhelds. What I don't understand is how there are ROMs for arcade games, which don't have ...
14
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2answers
634 views

Can I trigger the Amiga ROM debugger from the boot prompt?

Suppose I have an Amiga computer without any working boot disks. Is it possible to trigger the built-in ROM monitor (RomWack or SAD, see https://theamigamuseum.com/amiga-kickstart-workbench-os/guru-...
4
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4answers
635 views

What home computer was the first to use a external ROM cartridge?

When was the external ROM cartridge first used and what home computer was the first to use it?
3
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2answers
2k views

Commodore Amiga 600 Software Failure. “Error: 8000 0004 Task: 000026D0”

Software Failure on Commodore Amiga 600 when I insert a floppy in drive. Software Failure. Press left mouse button to continue. Error: 8000 0004 Task: 000026D0 Independent from the floppy I ...
10
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0answers
736 views

Did Hewlett Packard really allow the use of the HP48 ROMs in emulators?

On the FAQ of the emu48 software, a famous emulator for HP38/39/40/48/49 calculators (http://hp.giesselink.com/emu48faq.htm#ROM), we can find the following assertion: In general all HP-ROM files ...
11
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1answer
566 views

Can the system's BIOS come from an ISA card?

If an ISA card was configured to respond to the address range of the system's BIOS (and the BIOS chips removed), could you boot from it in the same way as the system's default BIOS? Specifically, I'm ...
5
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2answers
323 views

How to debug BIOS ROM incompatibility?

I'd like to use the XT-IDE Universal BIOS with an IBM XT 286 (5162), but it's known to be incompatible. With the card installed, it will not boot from a floppy from which it would otherwise boot (it ...
7
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5answers
1k views

Maximum size of 8-bit computer cartridges

What was the largest cartridge produced, or possible, for any 8-bit home computer? That is, the later 8 or 16-bit console cartridges could be surprisingly large, up to several megabytes in some cases,...
5
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1answer
302 views

Collection of older EPROM IC's

I acquired a collection of older EPROM IC's and am wondering what the rarity of them are or if they are rather common. Do people collect these items? 89142 NM27C512Q ~~ B9212 NM27C512Q ~~ B9312 ...
116
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2answers
20k views

How did Commodore's anti-Microsoft Easter Egg work?

A couple years ago the Toronto PET Users Group published an article (The Great Commodore/Microsoft Easter Egg War, on p. 7) about a newly discovered anti-Microsoft Easter Egg that Commodore hid in the ...
15
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3answers
2k views

Speed of early ROM versus RAM chips

In the late seventies, up through around 1981, the maximum access speed of off-the-shelf RAM chips was around 2.6 MHz. Did the same speed limit apply to ROM chips of the same era? If not, what would ...
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4answers
1k views

Best way to locate data on ROM? (6502 Processor)

Lately I've been interested in how old machines work, in particular an NES. While there are quite a few resources on the basic operations and even some games that have been totally broken down byte by ...
46
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4answers
7k views

Why would older video games include fragments of source code?

One thing that was surprisingly common in older video games (around the same era assembly language was king) was the inclusion of uncompiled, plaintext source code in the ROM. You can see many ...
9
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2answers
3k views

How to get a dump of a particular ROM?

How do I create a dump of a Game Boy game so that I can have it for backup as a ROM? I know that I can download the ROM (though slightly illegal) if I really wanted to, but I want to know "how" ROM ...
15
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1answer
854 views

Why did POKEing ROM addresses mask port writes?

After reading mcleod_ideafix's answer about the Inves Spectrum+'s "randomize of death", specifically his article on the subject, one thing struck me as odd. From César Hernández Bañó's research: ......
10
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1answer
908 views

What kind of EPROM was used for the Apple //e character generator, and how do I write a new one?

I have an old Apple //e clone, bought in Brazil (but assembled who-knows-where-on-Earth) that has not been touched for over 15 years. At least, from what I could see, it is a //e -- but not enhanced, ...
15
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3answers
1k views

Historical price of ROM

Historical price charts for RAM are quite readily available, e.g. in the mid-seventies a ballpark figure was a penny a byte. What was the price of ROM (assuming you were getting the chips produced in ...
9
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1answer
719 views

Restore original ROM on PalmOne m515

I've recently bought an old Palm m515 PDA. It seems that the previous owner has removed some of the built-in applications like Calendar and Contacts from it, because when I want to start them it says ...
9
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2answers
6k views

What did the Supercard “patch” program actually do to GBA and NDS ROMs to make them playable?

The Supercard is a flash cart for the Game Boy advance which can play ROMs and other files off of assorted flash memory. I recently found my Supercard SD and Superkey for NDS, which acts as a ...
7
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1answer
378 views

ROM programs on the Sony MSX HitBit HB-501

I have acquired a Sony MSX HB-501 F (F stands for France, it only defines the keyboard's layout). It is fully functionnal, I can play games from cartridges on it and it displays MSX-BASIC if no ...
8
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2answers
95 views

Is there any persistent storage in a NEC MobilePro PocketPC?

I have recently acquired a NEC MobilePro 790 PocketPc from 2001. The specifications says that the device has 48MB memory, including 32MB of RAM and 16MB of flash storage. It also has a ROM that ...