Questions tagged [ussr]

For questions about retro devices from the Soviet Union (USSR)

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5
votes
1answer
131 views

Why am I not seeing the results of several operations on this “Microtrainer”?

So I've finally got this Soviet 'Microtrainer' МТ1804 up and running, but I'm experiencing problems with the execution of the example programs. Basically the memory seems to be working fine - I can ...
7
votes
2answers
919 views

What causes the monitor to reduce to four lines on BK 0010 Focal?

When working with the Focal cartridge inserted on my BK 0010, the area displayed on the monitor suddenly reduces to just four lines , instead of the usual 20 Each time this has happened when I've ...
1
vote
1answer
298 views

Estimating contents of old printed circuit boards

I am sorry, if this is not a good place to ask, but is there any general rule of thumb about how much precious metals could you expect to get out from 197x(?) printed circuit boards, especially Soviet ...
10
votes
2answers
913 views

Is there any difference between Т34ВМ1 and КМ1858ВМ1/3?

In the Soviet Union, Z80 compatibles were manufactured under at least the following designations: Т34ВМ1 КМ1858ВМ1 КР1858ВМ3 At least some of these were manufactured from the U880 masks that were ...
8
votes
2answers
497 views

Was Vilnius BASIC cross-platform?

It is well established that Vilnius BASIC runs on PDP-11 compatible machines. For example, the BK-0010 and UKNC had Vilnius BASIC in ROM. Apparently, it was closely modelled after MSX BASIC, which ...
8
votes
2answers
609 views

Why was the Hobbit withdrawn from the UK market?

The Hobbit is a Soviet computer which was built to be compatible with the ZX Spectrum, but with some extensions. For example it has more memory and can run CP/M. The Hobbit had favourable reviews in ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How compatible is the Leningrad clone with the “original” ZX Spectrum?

In Leningrad they developed a clone of the ZX Spectrum, replacing the ULA by some TTL logic. Some of my speculations: In the USSR, the analog TV sets used SECAM, not PAL, so I imagine that the ...
31
votes
5answers
3k views

Which ports are which on this Soviet ZX Spectrum clone?

Today I got my (first) Soviet ZX Spectrum clone. The person who sold it to me had inherited it and had no idea how it worked. It seems to be a home-made clone, rather than a factory-built one. See ...
23
votes
5answers
2k views

Were there any LSI-11 like home computers outside of Russia?

In my childhood I had one of these: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronika_BK Note, that the CPU of this is based on LSI-11. This is rather surprising because PDP-11 took a room (I was lucky ...
5
votes
1answer
327 views

How were the electronics in the Elektronika IM (Электроника ИМ) designed?

Elektronika in the Soviet Union created a series of handheld games in the 80s (Электроника ИМ) similar to the Nintendo's Game & Watch. How were the electronics in these games designed, especially ...
15
votes
3answers
651 views

Looking for an “Inspector” or “Detective” game (BASIC?)

I'm working on an emulator for the Soviet mainframe BESM-6. Among a few games written for it there was a game called "Inspector" (or "Detective"). Its code didn't survive; the only mention of it I can ...
49
votes
8answers
6k views

How were Western computer chips reverse-engineered in USSR?

The British ZX Spectrum computer had many clones in the Eastern Bloc. It seems many of them were built using Russian-made chips from the Angstrem factory in Zelenograd in/near Moscow. The Russian ...
33
votes
1answer
2k views

What soviet computer used trinary bits?

Discussing 'non-standard byte sizes' with co-workers today, one mentioned hearing of soviet experiments with computers that used three-state bytes - and not just what is common today, 0, 1 and High ...