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1answer
72 views

Different handling of ASCII interpretation between ca65 and cl65

I stumbled upon a divergence in the ASCII upper case/lower case handling when using assembler and linker of the cc65 suite separately (I used cc65 V2.15 on Win10). For a test I made the following ...
6
votes
3answers
598 views

How to develop software for the Commodore 64 with VICE?

I see a very large fan-base and hear a lot (especially here on retrocomputing) about how great the Commodore 64 was. Growing up in the Windows 95/98 era, I seemed to have missed a great era for ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Speed of early ROM versus RAM chips

In the late seventies, up through around 1981, the maximum access speed of off-the-shelf RAM chips was around 2.6 MHz. Did the same speed limit apply to ROM chips of the same era? If not, what would ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Case question for Amiga 3000T

Is the 3000T's case made by Commodore, or was it stock from elsewhere? I need a side panel for one.
4
votes
0answers
61 views

How to test a chat script with a uucp linux and uucp(server) unix?

I like to play with old networks, uucp is really and advanced(is from the 1978) for that time. I have setup a uucp server in a tru64 unix server. On tru64 server I have edit /etc/inetd.conf uucp ...
12
votes
3answers
418 views

Commercial C64 software implemented in Forth?

There has been several implementations of Forth that were running on, and targeting, the C64. Were there any commercial software releases (not throw-away hobby projects or in-house utilities) that ...
0
votes
1answer
379 views

How good a Cray could be as a video game console? [on hold]

The stats are: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cray-1 Memory‎: ‎8.39 Megabytes (up to 1 048 576 words) CPU‎: ‎64-bit processor @ 80 MHz The 24-bit address arithmetic was performed in an add unit and a ...
37
votes
3answers
5k views

What happened to the SEV instruction on the 6502?

The 6502 has a group of opcodes which copy bit 5 from the opcode into one of the status flags. (I know it's not implemented this way, but it looks as though the bit fields are: 2 bits to select the ...
25
votes
6answers
9k views

Windows 98 with 2GB of RAM

I have assembled a retro-gaming PC out of an old Shuttle SN45G with a Windows 98/Windows XP dual boot. The motherboard can handle 2GB of RAM, but apparently Windows 98 can only handle 1Gb. Windows ...
15
votes
2answers
630 views

What was the end of line convention for text files on the 8-bit Commodores

A two part question: Did an agreed upon convention for end of line (EOL) within text files exist on the 8-bit Commodores? If there was a convention, what was it?
19
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does the VIC-20 have 5KiB of RAM?

Why does the VIC-20 have 5 KiB of RAM? Why not a multiple of 4 as any other systems, e.g 4 KiB or 8 KiB. Is there a technical reason for that?
9
votes
0answers
153 views

Unix on the H11?

I'm curious if anyone is aware of actual uses of Unix on the Heathkit H11? I don't see any technical reason a memory-expanded H11 couldn't run Unix, but can't find any examples of it doing so.
19
votes
2answers
3k views

The start of x86: Intel 8080 vs Intel 8086?

Why is it said that all modern Intel processors of the x86 family are said to descent from the Intel 8086 and not the Intel 8080? From the Wikipedia article on the Intel 8086, The 8086 gave rise to ...
0
votes
1answer
450 views

What programming languages appeared in 1961?

I'm trying to get Programming Languages Through The Years over on the Code Golf site going again. The Wikipedia article that the challenge has been working from only lists COMIT for 1961, and calling ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Which undocumented 8085 instructions is Steven Morse referring to in “In The Beginning”?

In S. P. Morse's 1980 allegory, "In The Beginning", he writes And Intel said, "Let there be an 8085 with an oscillator on the same chip as the processor, and let an on-chip system controller ...
4
votes
1answer
356 views

Which graphics adapters outputted S-Video over VGA?

To this day you can buy passive cables which separate out S-Video and composite signals from VGA. There's always a warning to check whether your graphics adapter output these over the VGA connector. ...
8
votes
0answers
351 views

Can anyone identify this Parallel to Serial Interface Board?

I just spent an enjoyable day at the local ham fest with my father - digging through boxes of other peoples junk. I'm a sucker for weird electronics, especially when it's in the free pile, and so I ...
0
votes
2answers
237 views

VGA controller for my W65C02 computer

I´m planning to build a small computer system, based on the W65C02 from Western Design Center. This computer system should also have a VGA interface with a graphic and a text mode, defined with the ...
1
vote
0answers
216 views

Old Computer Game about a robot and questions

I'm trying to remember an old game I used to play as a kid. It may have been a commodore 64 game, not sure. All I remember was you answered questions like for math or something like that and as you ...
9
votes
1answer
237 views

Why is the Interrupt Enable Hardware Register in the HRAM area on the Gameboy?

It's something I've always been wondering: Almost all of the hardware registers on the Gameboy are placed between $ff00 and $ff7f (with plenty of gaps and empty space), the HRAM is located between $...
-1
votes
0answers
146 views

Nintendo NES + modern TV [closed]

I have a very old Nintendo NES. It was working perfectly with my old TV. Today a wanted to play in a new Philips TV, but it doesn't recognize my consol. Is it possible somehow to play in new TV?
53
votes
1answer
9k views

When was the famous “sudo warning” introduced? Under what background? By whom?

On all Unix-like operating systems, sudo is often provided as the standard package for executing commands as superuser (or an alternative user). When sudo is invoked by the user for the first time, ...
13
votes
2answers
403 views

Can I trigger the Amiga ROM debugger from the boot prompt?

Suppose I have an Amiga computer without any working boot disks. Is it possible to trigger the built-in ROM monitor (RomWack or SAD, see https://theamigamuseum.com/amiga-kickstart-workbench-os/guru-...
10
votes
1answer
181 views

CoCo Max Mouse Cartridge

The program CoCo Max came with a cartridge. The cartridge had a mouse/joystick port. How did the CoCo Max Analog to Digital cartridge work? Is it possible to use the device in my own software?
21
votes
3answers
1k views

What exactly was the Amiga Ranger?

Amiga's history includes something called "Ranger" that supposedly was either meant to be the next generation system to be released after the Amiga 1000 was released, or the codename for the next ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

Could you use uppercase or special characters in a password in early Unix?

This article is about Ken Thompson's old Unix password hash being cracked. One line in the article intrigues: "Even an exhaustive search over all lower-case letters and digits took several days (...
10
votes
1answer
566 views

cprintf printing invisible characters in C program on VIC 20

I want to compile and run a Hello World program in C with the cc65 compiler for an unexpanded VIC-20 model. For printing I'm using the conio.h function cprintf, since the conio implementation requires ...
4
votes
2answers
266 views

How well can a NEO GEO theoretically run Sega´s Super Scallers Games?

The Neo Geo had a remarkable capacity to scale sprites, as we can see in fighting games, but it does not have any racing, flight or any game that simulated a non ray casting pseudo 3D to my knowledge. ...
10
votes
1answer
700 views

On what Apple II and II+ keyboards can the ']' character be generated?

It had long been my impression that while brackets [ and ] could be displayed by the Apple II, the standard Apple II keyboard was not capable of generating them. Some time ago I noticed that on this ...
5
votes
3answers
318 views

What's the difference between an IBM 5153 (CGA) CRT picture tube and a color TV picture tube?

The IBM 5153 Personal Computer Color Display was a monitor designed to accompany the original IBM PC (albeit released a couple of years later) and provide a color display at sharp enough resolution ...
7
votes
1answer
387 views

Can I use the DEC VT220 composite output to connect it to a TV?

I have a DEC VT220 from 1986, it has a composite output. Works great in all its max-19200Kbps monochrome glory. The composite output plug is a BNC, and it looks like BNC-to-RCA composite jack ...
6
votes
1answer
548 views

What computer has the longest uptime? [closed]

Inspired by a YouTube video I saw recently that claims a very high uptime for the computers on the Voyager probes, I was curious -- what computer currently has the longest continuous runtime? For the ...
9
votes
2answers
741 views

Why did Commodore not upgrade OCS straightforwardly to 32-bit architecture?

This is somewhat of a speculative question... Amiga's 1985 Original Chip Set is inherently a 16bit architecture (the data bus is 16bit, registers are 16bit, the blitter itself is 16 state machines ...
6
votes
1answer
236 views

What Apple System Monitor/Integer BASIC ROM features were removed in the Applesoft II/Autostart ROM?

In spring of 1978, Apple took the updated 6502 BASIC from Microsoft, fixed some bugs and added some new commands, and released it as Applesoft II. This was soon released as a ROM set (shipped standard ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Small RAM 4 KB on the early Apple II?

Most of the reference material for the Apple II that I have seen refers to the 4116 RAM chip which held 16x1 kbit. This provided 16, 32 or 48 KB in banks of 8 chips. The Apple II motherboard layout ...
10
votes
2answers
764 views

Is all 100% of a 64k Apple II memory usable?

Are there any areas of the 64k RAM which are permanently unusable by anything, whether by the built-in monitor ROM or user programs? Looking at $C000-C0FF, this is the "softswitch" area, and as far ...
9
votes
1answer
388 views

Any Issues with running Workbench 1.3 on a Kickstart 1.2 Amiga 500?

I own a fairly early Amiga 500 with Kickstart 1.2 ROMs, Commodore Logo key and the OCS Agnus 8371. Is this system completely compatible with Workbench 1.3? Or does WB 1.3 require Kickstart 1.3 ROMs? ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Mac SE tube won't come on?

My SE was working fine until I took it apart to clean it, and after reassembly the tube won't turn on, what could cause this? enter link description here
8
votes
2answers
883 views

What was the first commercially available computer with ECC memory?

In the early days of computing, memory error detection and correction was either non-existent (Wikipedia tells of Seymour Cray famously saying "parity is for farmers" when asked why he left it out of ...
9
votes
3answers
262 views

Set keyboard layout in Amiga Workbench 3.1

I did a fresh install of the Cloanto amiga-os-310-install.adf disk to a hard drive, and then I wanted to change the keyboard layout to Swedish. I tried SYS:System/SetMap s but then I've learned that ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Exact tape recording format for SVI-318/328 computers

I'm looking for the exact tape data format of old SVI-318/328 computers, some kind of whitepapers explaining it. I've obtained several information from a real tape, but I don't known if the infered ...
10
votes
2answers
735 views

How to convert Atari (65XE) tapes to ATR?

I still have some tapes for my Atari 65XE and I'd like to play some of the old games I got. But I don't have the Atari anymore. I have a tape recorder of quality surpassing the Atari one by quite a ...
5
votes
3answers
395 views

Which cartridges were typically used together on Commodore 64 systems?

It's possible to extend the Commodore 64 expansion port bus with boards like this one: Thus it was physically possible to have more than one cartridge connected at once, though whether these would ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Power switch color on IBM PS/2 red vs white?

Why do some IBM PS/2's have a red switch, while others have a white switch? Does the red or white power switch on the power supply signify something about the model number, CPU, or options that the ...
11
votes
0answers
265 views

Oxford C compiler for Commodore 64

I kept one floppy from my Commodore 128 (which I used mostly in C64 mode), which is written Oxford C compiler. It is a 5.25" floppy. Don't ask me why I kept just this one; probably because I thought I ...
4
votes
1answer
358 views

Why is ZX80 much faster than Spectrum on Rugg/Feldman benchmarks?

If you look at the results of the Rugg/Feldman benchmarks, shown in this Wiki entry, you'll see that Sinclair ZX80 is much faster than Sinclair Spectrum on all tests despite the fact that both ...
6
votes
2answers
321 views

Looking for a 90's shooter-platformer game

Back in the 90's i remember playing a 2d shooter-platformer game on my family's home computer. I sucked at the game, and as far as i remember i never managed to beat the first level. The details i ...
1
vote
3answers
199 views

Was 1.10 a valid line number in FOCAL?

I'm looking over examples of FOCAL code, and I see that group numbers in the examples start with a 0 if need be. That is, it's 01.10, not 1.10. Was a leading zero optional?
6
votes
1answer
305 views

Could the Commodore 64 have used the 6522 VIA instead of the 6526 CIA?

The VIC-20 used a 6522 VIA chip with a couple of 8-bit PIO ports, a couple of timers and a (buggy) shift register. (The bug in the shift register could be worked around with external hardware or in ...
35
votes
6answers
8k views

Why does the Cray 2 use 400 Hz power, and why generate that from motors?

This Cray sales brochure details on page 4 that the Cray-2 uses 400 Hz power, and generates this from motors. 400 Hz power from motor generators I'm not sure that in 1986, the state of the art ...

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