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A PDP-10 dump is primary a plain memory dump stored in a file typed 'DMP'. To get a printout a utility like DUMP or DUMPR must be used. both offer a huge variety of options to configure what to be displayed and in which format. Not to mention dumps being processed by DDT to get a high level view. Also, while there are similarities across DEC machines it ...


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A concept that was sometimes useful in the 8-bit era, was the "In Circuit Emulator". These devices were very expensive, but had a header that would plug into a CPU socket in place of the CPU. The emulator would contain a CPU along with some logic for bus monitoring and bus switching, as well as either its own display (e.g. six hexadecimal digits) ...


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