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153 votes
Accepted

Why does part of the Windows 98 Setup program look older than the rest?

Basically, because it is running under Windows 3.1 at that point. Windows 98’s setup process goes through three main phases, in three different operating environments; each one installs the operating ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
75 votes

Why did fonts in Windows 1.01's Write application look so poor?

Your images appear to have been generated via emulation, with heavy anti-aliasing that doesn't show what it looked like in reality. Here's Windows 3.1 Write in native VGA resolution without any image ...
Bruce Abbott's user avatar
  • 6,653
63 votes

What did AOL use for pre-web GUI client?

In addition to Stephen Kitt's answer, you can go back even further from Windows 3.1 to the Apple II version of America Online, circa 1989. Certainly not as popular or long-lived as the MS-DOS and ...
bjb's user avatar
  • 16.2k
61 votes
Accepted

What did AOL use for pre-web GUI client?

AOL provided (and still provide) their own client, which — at least back then — was called “America Online”. This was available on a variety of platforms, including DOS: (based on GeoWorks) and ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
55 votes
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Who invented the clipboard?

According to Richard Dale, copy & paste was invented in '73 - '76 by Larry Tesler for Smalltalk-76: Copy and paste in a modeless editor was invented by Larry Tesler at XEROX Parc for the ...
Polygnome's user avatar
  • 596
45 votes

Why did fonts in Windows 1.01's Write application look so poor?

Because those were low-resolution bitmap fonts. In Windows 1.01, most fonts were monochrome bitmap fonts, and not particularly high-resolution at that. (There were CONTINUOUSSCALING ‘plotter’ fonts ...
user3840170's user avatar
43 votes
Accepted

Does the first version of Linux developed by Linus Torvalds have a GUI?

Note, Linux is only a kernel, like msdos.sys in DOS or krnl386.exe in Windows. No. It had no GUI, it was purely command line. In Linus' initial statement, roughly with the release of the Linux ...
peterh's user avatar
  • 1,749
38 votes
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What did Windows 2 do about varying aspect ratio?

Most of Windows’ display model is device-independent, or at least provides all the information required to produce consistent displays, and it’s the display drivers that handle discrepancies. As a ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
35 votes

Who invented the clipboard?

Honorable mention should be given to TECO, a text editor from the early 1960s. It had a set of containers called Q registers that functioned much the way the clipboard does. Cut and paste operations ...
Walter Mitty's user avatar
  • 6,128
28 votes

What windowing system had the first size-proportional scroll bar?

Can't say I know for sure. But I'll ante up Smalltalk 80 (or even earlier, ST-72, 76, 78).
Will Hartung's user avatar
  • 12.2k
25 votes

What windowing system had the first size-proportional scroll bar?

The MIT CADR Lisp Machine, developed in the late 1970's, had proportional scroll bars. I haven't been able to find a screenshot of an actual Lisp Machine that shows this -- I can only find images and ...
Barmar's user avatar
  • 1,705
23 votes

Hardware assisted Graphical User Interface?

In the early 1990s, with the rise in popularity of Windows 3, the PC world got a number of "Windows Accelerator" video cards. These were 2D fixed-function GPUs with command-sets that ...
hobbs's user avatar
  • 4,754
21 votes
Accepted

What did Prodigy use for pre-web GUI client?

Prodigy used NAPLPS (North American Presentation Level Protocol Syntax) to encode its graphical displays. This is a vector-based graphics originally intended for videotex and teletext services (in ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
20 votes

What windowing system had the first size-proportional scroll bar?

Smalltalk-80 is the earliest that I'm aware of. The following emulator1, 2 screenshot shows how it displayed them: This emulator3 screenshot shows how the earlier Smalltalk-78 displayed them ...
Alex Hajnal's user avatar
  • 9,340
19 votes

Hardware assisted Graphical User Interface?

I imagine the TMS34010 could have handled all of that, to beyond the standards of an ‘80s GUI; it is a combination CPU and GPU for the mainstream consumer market first released in 1986. It and its ...
Tommy's user avatar
  • 36.6k
15 votes

Who invented the clipboard?

It was certainly around in vi (Unix text editor) that I first used in 1985. Vi is a visual front end to ed, which presumably pre-dates it. The cryptic ‘y’ would yank a line into the clipboard and ‘p’...
Frog's user avatar
  • 1,385
15 votes

Hardware assisted Graphical User Interface?

Silicon Graphics started to provide dedicated graphics terminals and workstations in the 80s. So the technology was definitely there, even for 3D. In 1991, they put this technology on a PC expansion ...
dirkt's user avatar
  • 27k
14 votes
Accepted

Xerox Parc and the three-button mouse

On the Alto, the buttons’ functions vary with the program currently being used and the location of the cursor. The Users’ Handbook describes the functions in the default applications, using colours ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
14 votes

Who invented the clipboard?

Did it exist on any non-graphical environments? I remember when I worked for Canon in the UK, someone (hi, Dave!) had the idea of a mouse with memory. If you cut something (text or a small file), it ...
Richard Kirk's user avatar
14 votes

Hardware assisted Graphical User Interface?

A simple form of this was embodied by the BBC Micro of all things, when paired with a Second Processor. The two were connected by a remarkably simple interface known as the "Tube". In this ...
Chromatix's user avatar
  • 16.8k
13 votes

Hardware assisted Graphical User Interface?

The Amiga GUI was using the hardware's custom chipset (the 'GPU', if you will) to assist in drawing lines or blitting rectangles. That was back in 1985. I'm not sure any functionality beyond that ...
Venner's user avatar
  • 1,684
13 votes

Why did fonts in Windows 1.01's Write application look so poor?

It isn't. The examples are comparing apples and oranges. As they cover three different situations/usages: Bitmap Emulation vs. Native Usage vs. Character Emulation The results are based on what ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
  • 219k
13 votes
Accepted

What happened to Doug Engelbart's NLS?

Yes, it was sold to Tymshare. The project continued under the name Augment, running on a modified TENEX, called August, on a KA10 computer. It was later ported to TOPS-20 on a KL10. Tymshare also ...
Lars Brinkhoff's user avatar
11 votes

Where can I get icons for Windows 3.1/95-style GUIs?

I remember there being a folder installed with VisualBasic 4 or 5 that was full of those icons... I remember there being all the stock new, open, save, print, cut, copy, paste, etc. and some more ...
Geo...'s user avatar
  • 10.2k
11 votes

Why did fonts in Windows 1.01's Write application look so poor?

Windows 1.0’s Write application doesn’t care about how the text it displays is rendered — it relies on its operating environment to display it. As such, it supports smooth fonts, even though Windows 1....
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

When did SunOS get a graphical interface?

According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunos, Sun UNIX 0.7 had no windowing system, and SunOS 1.0 (November 1983) introduced the Sun Windowing System. I think the first Sun machine I used was a ...
Greg Hewgill's user avatar
  • 6,869
11 votes
Accepted

What were the 189 GUI design elements that Apple claimed 'look and feel' copyright over?

There's an opinion C-88-20149-VRW on Justia (also available on at Casetext) which contains the final ten, those that survived earlier rulings. They are: A1 overlapping windows in front of a muted ...
paxdiablo's user avatar
  • 4,752
10 votes

Who invented scrollable screens in Amiga?

R.J. Mical, the primary author of the Intuition GUI built into the Amiga OS firmware, is most likely responsible for the concept, but certainly responsible for the detailed design and coding. The ...
Brian H's user avatar
  • 60.5k
8 votes

Why does part of the Windows 98 Setup program look older than the rest?

I haven't double-checked, but here's my understanding of how it works. The first half of the installer is a DOS application, with all the limitations therein and then, once it's installed a base ...
ssokolow's user avatar
  • 6,481
8 votes

Looking for a multiline text gadget for Intuition on a 1.3 Amiga

I used Intuisup by Torsten Jurgeleit for my application when running under WB1.3 to provide the same functionality as was available with gadtools in WB2.x I think V4.5 is the version I used and a ...
Richard Harrison's user avatar

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