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78 votes
Accepted

After creating HTML, why did Tim Berners-Lee bother creating HTTP? Why didn't he just write a HTML renderer for a FTP client?

The browser did, in fact, support retrieving pages over anonymous FTP from the beginning, and it also supported other protocols. But, some of the early documents mention additional features for ...
user24811's user avatar
  • 1,617
42 votes

What were the major things that caused TCP/IP to become the internet standard protocol?

Back in the 1970's, there were essentially two candidates for a potential internet protocol suite: TCP/IP and ISO Open Systems Interconnection (OSI). OSI was being designed by a consortium of ...
Barmar's user avatar
  • 2,370
37 votes

How did the AOL software provide internet access to other applications running on Windows 95/98?

In the Windows 2 and Windows 3 days, Windows didn't ship with a means of connecting to the internet. Instead, Microsoft defined the Windows Sockets API for apps to use, and they allowed third-party ...
hobbs's user avatar
  • 5,093
27 votes

Why did they switch from phone numbers to IP addresses?

Phone numbers are no more related to IP addresses than USPS ZIP Codes are. I believe you are conflating these two concepts: Phone numbers were, and still are, used to identify the endpoint of a ...
jwh20's user avatar
  • 3,047
25 votes

What were the major things that caused TCP/IP to become the internet standard protocol?

It was there and it worked, it was an open standard, and it was reasonably straightforward. (FWIW, I had a small role on the losing team, working in a corner of DECnet/OSI, aka DECnet Phase V, which ...
dave's user avatar
  • 35.7k
21 votes

Why was Wireplay "faster and more reliable" than dial-up Internet, since they both used the same hardware?

I was the architect for BT Wireplay from 1995-2000 and am one of the co-authors of the patented network protocol. Essentially @hobbs answer is correct, in that 90s Internet links were often highly ...
Phil Ashby's user avatar
19 votes
Accepted

How fast was ARPANET?

From the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 44(2) 8-19 (2022) titled Seeking High IMP Reliability in Maintenance of the 1970s ARPAnet on finds The design called for a small computer called an ...
Jon Custer's user avatar
  • 1,338
19 votes

Why did they switch from phone numbers to IP addresses?

Before IPv4 addresses there were phone numbers. Why did they switch to IPv4 addresses to address devices in the internet? They didn't. Before the Internet there was the Arpanet. The initial protocol ...
dirkt's user avatar
  • 27.9k
14 votes
Accepted

Why was the percent sign chosen as escape character for URLs?

Looks to me as if the cited paragraph already answered that perfectly. It must be a character available on as many keyboards as possible Should not be one that gets already escaped on their own ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
  • 224k
13 votes

What were the major things that caused TCP/IP to become the internet standard protocol?

I used to work at a university in the UK, and went to a talk on the history of JANet (the Joint Academic Network, one of the first National-area networks that links university campuses and other ...
Graham Lee's user avatar
12 votes

What were the major things that caused TCP/IP to become the internet standard protocol?

I think IP became ubiquitous because there really wasn't anything else to compete with it. You see IP is not a protocol for networking computers together, it's a protocol (actually a suite or ...
JeremyP's user avatar
  • 11.7k
11 votes

What were the earliest images uploaded on the internet before the web?

A crop of the November 1972 issue of Playboy centerfold model Lena Forsén, AKA Lenna, used as a standard test image for image processing, as well as data compression, has been circulating in the ...
Leo B.'s user avatar
  • 19.3k
8 votes

What systems actually used the ACCT command in FTP?

My question is – can anyone give examples of historical FTP server implementations which actually accepted or required ACCT? FTP on BS2000 for example (*1). I would assume those implementations were ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
  • 224k
8 votes

What was the first satellite data link that can properly be called an internet connection?

What was the first satellite data link that can properly be called an internet connection? I'd say the first dial up across the pond that by chance happened to end up on a satellite connection:) A ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
  • 224k
8 votes

How were images uploaded in online service providers?

You may have heard the very true proverb that There is no cloud, but someone elses computer! right? The very same misunderstanding seems to be at work here: There is no 'World Wide Web', only ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
  • 224k
7 votes

Why did they switch from phone numbers to IP addresses?

Before IPv4 addresses there were phone numbers. Yes, there were also social security numbers, driver's license numbers and real estate plat numbers. "But those are completely different things!&...
Harper - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
6 votes

What were the major things that caused TCP/IP to become the internet standard protocol?

One reason that the IP suite got everywhere is that there are good specifications for running it on top of various other networks. So if you're already using X.25 or ATM, you don't need to add more ...
Toby Speight's user avatar
  • 1,676
5 votes

What was the first satellite data link that can properly be called an internet connection?

The main question is "define Internet": When we're talking about the commercial Internet, that really only took off in the late 1980s, early 1990, this coincides with the development and ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 35k
5 votes

Why did they switch from phone numbers to IP addresses?

TL;DR: Phone and Internet are different different networks, each with their own structure, protocols and addressing. Phone still uses phone numbers while Internet uses IP-addresses. A Possible Mixup? ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
  • 224k
5 votes
Accepted

ARPANET IMP topology using NCP

Early ARPANET logical maps (from 1970 onwards), as well as the geographic maps (note the UTAH spur in the 1969 map), show that it was not a full-mesh topology; there must therefore have been some kind ...
grawity's user avatar
  • 499
5 votes

What were the major things that caused TCP/IP to become the internet standard protocol?

In the late '80s I was working for a university CS dept as the hardware manager. We had various computers with different networks running on them. At various points, we were running token ring (pushed ...
bkb105's user avatar
  • 51
5 votes

What were the major things that caused TCP/IP to become the internet standard protocol?

There's a lot of apples and oranges here. And everyone had a lot of good points made, but your question is simple, and has a very simple answer. I'll endeavor to address that directly, but do need to ...
tallship's user avatar
4 votes

How fast was ARPANET?

Does anyone know how long that message must have been taken to transmit, or an estimate at least? It's two characters, so even considering an inefficient protocol and slow lines (*1) will be ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
  • 224k
4 votes

Why did they switch from phone numbers to IP addresses?

Before IPv4 addresses there were phone numbers. Why did they switch to IPv4 addresses to address devices in the internet? IP needed to store the address in a computer-efficient way in the IP packet. ...
Maury Markowitz's user avatar
4 votes

What is the easiest way to get an Amiga online?

My solution to this problem was to purchase a Raspberry Pi Zero W 1.1 and install Raspbian Lite (no gui). I then connected a generic USB to RS-232 adapter to the Pi and configured it to open a tty on ...
Geo...'s user avatar
  • 10.2k
3 votes
Accepted

How can I connect the Psion 5mx email client to a secure email provider?

Connecting an email client without SSL to a modern server requires some sort of SSL gateway on another machine. For example, under Linux you might run a command like socat -v ssl:imap.gmail.com:993,...
Mark Williams's user avatar
3 votes

When IPv6 was designed were there any specific considerations for other planets?

There should be no problem sending IPv6 packets to or from Mars. So long as you have a suitable underlying physical transmission system. The same is true for IPv4 packets. However given the latency (...
Terje Petersen's user avatar
3 votes

Latest web browser compatible with Windows 95 / 98

Fresh news with options! Lynx Version 2.9.0 (January 2024). Current versions of Lynx run on Unix, VMS, Windows95 through Windows 8, 386DOS and OS/2 EMX. Lynx is a fully-featured World Wide Web (WWW) ...
Daniel Perez's user avatar
3 votes

What was the equivalent of "America Online" (AOL) outside America?

While Poland had a reasonably popular dial-up service since 1996, and a lot of people have fond memories of dialing 0202122 (mostly at night, as the rates were lower), it wasn't really until about ...
Maciej Stachowski's user avatar
3 votes

How were images uploaded in online service providers?

Before the WWW, you couldn't guarantee that: your communications link could send 8-bit bytes as a single character; the remote computer (and possibly even your local computer) represented data in ...
scruss's user avatar
  • 21.7k

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