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30 votes

Difference between program and application

A Program is any piece of software. Note, however, that some restrict the use of the word to only include largely self-contained pieces of software and thus don't include libraries and similar code as ...
Jack Aidley's user avatar
25 votes
Accepted

What is the technical definition of "clone" that makes the K1810VM88 (К1810ВМ88) not a clone of the 8088?

"Clone" does not have a well-established meaning in electronics. What is almost certainly meant meant here is that the K1810MV88 is not a transistor-by-transistor copy of the 8088, but a ...
John Dallman's user avatar
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23 votes
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Difference between machine language and machine code, maybe in the C64 community?

That video probably tries to add a bit too much definition into blurry terminology, at least my opinion. In fact, all three ways he describes are ways of creating machine code, and, at the same time, ...
tofro's user avatar
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21 votes

Difference between program and application

So is there any differences between an application (app) and program. Is there a reason for using that specific word. No. They are interchangeable - at least in common, every day usage. App is ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
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18 votes

A kind of modem that let you make voice calls with a simultaneous data connection: what was it called?

The technologies being referred to are Analog Simultaneous Voice and Data (ASVD) and Digital Simultaneous Voice and Data (DSVD), both of which become available in consumer-grade modems sometime around ...
Noel Whitemore's user avatar
17 votes

What is the earliest computer technology to be referred to as "Artificial Intelligence"?

Programs that demonstrate AI, or perhaps fake AI, were around in the 1960s. SHRDLU and Eliza have already been mentioned in other answers. Somewhat earlier, the checker playing program by Samuel ...
Walter Mitty's user avatar
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16 votes

Was the term "master" in source code management systems first used with the sense of master/replica or master/slave?

The term "master" has been used by version control systems, going back decades–the earliest I have traced it to is 1969, and uses predating that may await discovery. Git's use of "...
Simon Kissane's user avatar
13 votes

Difference between machine language and machine code, maybe in the C64 community?

An assembler actually does two important but separate things to help the programmer. One, which you mentioned, is to convert instruction mnemonics into opcodes, based on the addressing mode (e.g., LDA ...
cjs's user avatar
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13 votes

Terminology of what is termed "CPU" and what is "computer"

TL;DR: It Depends on Purpose. At the base is a profound mixup of Processor and Processing and both being meant when talking about a CP(U). A Processing Unit is a circuitry doing computation A ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
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12 votes
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What does it mean to "publish machine code"?

What does it mean to publish the machine code? Machine Code in the sense used is what otherwise would be called a HEX-Listing or HEX-Dump. The most compact form a program could be published and ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
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11 votes

What other terms have been used to describe storing working data permanently besides "save"?

read and write are the normal terms used by programmers to send or retrieve data to a stream which may or may not exist on non-volatile storage, along with open, close etc... SAVE certainly goes back ...
Mark Williams's user avatar
11 votes

What is the technical definition of "clone" that makes the K1810VM88 (К1810ВМ88) not a clone of the 8088?

I'm clutching at straws here so what am I missing? Maybe that use of the term 'clone' in most situations isn't following any hard definition but more some opinion. Sure, just looking at the term, it ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
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9 votes

What is the earliest computer technology to be referred to as "Artificial Intelligence"?

SHRDLU was a good example of a natural language processing tool from the late 60s, one which worked with a universe of blocks of various sizes, shapes and colors. I remember seeing a demo where you ...
paxdiablo's user avatar
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8 votes
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What is R register and DRAM refresh internal operation

DRAM memory is accessed in rows and columns with a multiplexed address bus with row and column addresses sent separately. The DRAM chips used, e.g. TI 4116, were organized as 16384 addresses of 1-bit ...
Justme's user avatar
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7 votes

What is the earliest computer technology to be referred to as "Artificial Intelligence"?

The most famous one was certainly "Eliza", developed 1966 by Joseph Weizenbaum. This has (technically) nothing to do with AI, but cleverly simulates AI using a thesaurus in a simulated ...
tofro's user avatar
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7 votes

What other terms have been used to describe storing working data permanently besides "save"?

The IBM 1130 Disk Utility Program used "STORE". To store a freshly compiled binary from Working Storage to the User Area under the name "PROG1", you'd do: // DUP *STORE WS UA ...
John Doty's user avatar
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5 votes

What is the technical definition of "clone" that makes the K1810VM88 (К1810ВМ88) not a clone of the 8088?

I think what would distinguish a "clone" from something else would be whether its producer's objective was to make something that would be viewed as bidirectionally interchangeable, as ...
supercat's user avatar
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5 votes

Difference between machine language and machine code, maybe in the C64 community?

Short Answer: He 'adapts' his own terms to distinguish between the different 'styles' of programming he wants to show in this video. Long Answer: There is No Simple Answer Well, as so often in real ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
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5 votes
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What are hobbyists?

In the letter Gates addresses the non-professionals, it looks like to me. The kind of people that were instrumental to the 8-bit revolution, or the home computer revolution, or whatever you would like ...
ABM K's user avatar
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4 votes

What does it mean to "publish machine code"?

In 1976, there was a lot more software, especially for microcomputers, written directly in assembly language. The BASIC interpreter certainly was written in assembly language. At the time, the term &...
Greg Hewgill's user avatar
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3 votes

Difference between program and application

In common parlance, the terms are essentially synonymous now. However, if you want to take a stricter approach: A program is any piece of executable code. An application is a program that is concerned ...
ScottishTapWater's user avatar
3 votes

Difference between program and application

There is one other wrinkle to classifications of software people (used to) use -- the applet. This was a term used for a Java program that ran in a restricted-access sandbox, such as a web browser. ...
RichF's user avatar
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2 votes

Terminology of what is termed "CPU" and what is "computer"

The newly-posted pictures are of a PDP-11/05 computer. The computer contains a backplane. Inserted into that backplane are some number of boards which are the KD11-B CPU, or 'processor'. (Also ...
dave's user avatar
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2 votes

What is the earliest computer technology to be referred to as "Artificial Intelligence"?

I guess one should not forget Chess. While today classified as 'Weak AI' and seen as branch of 'Game AI', playing chess was in prior times always seen as a pinnacle of human capabilities and automated ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
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2 votes

Difference between program and application

Studying the origins of the words may give some insight: in the pre-computer era a program(me) was a sequence of events, typically ordered by time, such as for a musical concert or for a loom weaving ...
Frog's user avatar
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1 vote

Name of Commodore tape format?

How did Commodore call their tape format? Hmm, what's wrong with Tape Format? It must have had a specific name, right? Does it? If you insist, maybe try CTF or 'Commodore (PET) Tape Format'? But ...
Raffzahn's user avatar
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